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Effects of severe lactacidosis were analyzed in vitro by employment of C6 glioma cells and astrocytes from primary culture. The cells were suspended in a physiological medium, which was rendered acidotic by addition of lactic acid in rising concentrations. A pH range of 7.4-4.2 was studied under maintenance of isotonicity and a normal electrolyte(More)
The excitatory transmitters glutamate and aspartate become toxic whenever their extracellular levels are increased because of neuronal, glial and endothelial impairment. Taurine, a volume-regulating amino acid, is released upon excitotoxin-induced cell swelling. Our aim was to investigate if glutamate and aspartate in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reveal(More)
The symptoms following sinus and vein occlusion observed in patients and experimental animals display a considerable variability that so far remains largely unexplained. In a rat cortical vein occlusion model using a photochemical thrombotic technique, we examined changes in the cerebral venous flow pattern by fluorescence angiography and regional cerebral(More)
The pathophysiological potential of mediator substances in manifestations of secondary brain damage is attracting increased attention. This is particularly true of the excitatory transmitters glutamate and arachidonic acid. Noxious properties of these compounds in central nervous tissue have been demonstrated. The current study was performed to determine(More)
Hypobaric hypotension was used to reduce systemic blood pressure in rats below the lower threshold of CBF autoregulation to evaluate a new laser Doppler (LD) "scanning" technique. Spontaneously breathing male Wistar Kyoto rats (n = 8) were anesthetized with chloral hydrate and the head fixed in a stereotaxic head holder. A cranial window with intact dura(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate-dependent potassium (mitoKATP) channels are present in the brain, and several reports have shown their neuroprotective, preconditioning effect against an ischemic insult. The role of mitoKATP channels in the penumbra area has not been studied thoroughly. In a model of venous ischemia, widespread penumbra-like(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Preischemic spontaneous locomotor activity was distinguished in this laboratory as a factor influencing outcome after 15 and 20 minutes of forebrain ischemia in gerbils. Histological investigations were carried out to analyze potential relations between postischemic survival and a reduction of cerebral damage by spontaneous locomotor(More)
Temperature control during experimental ischemia continues to be of major interest. However, if exposure of brain tissue is necessary during the experiment, regional heat loss may occur even when the core temperature is maintained. Furthermore, valid non-invasive brain temperature monitoring is difficult in small rodents. This paper describes a method for(More)
Research on cerebral venous circulation disturbances (CVCDs) has been limited partly by the paucity of animal models that produce consistent venous infarction. Occlusion of two adjacent cortical veins in rats by means of a photochemical thrombotic technique provides a minimally invasive, clinically relevant, and reproducible model suited to study the(More)
The mechanisms of glutamate-induced glial swelling have been studied using an in vitro model that permits detection of cell volume changes with high accuracy. The model allows for a close control of the extracellular environment to study in isolation the effect of defined extracellular alterations occurring in brain under pathophysiologic conditions.(More)