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Several aberrant chromosomal constellations are known in men. Of these the karyotype XXY (Klinefelter syndrome, KS) is the most common chromosomal disorder with a prevalence of about one in 800 live-born boys. KS is associated with hypogonadism and is suspected to cause variable physical, physiological and cognitive abnormalities. As a supernumerary X(More)
Klinefelter's syndrome is a male sex-chromosomal disorder (47,XXY), causing hypogonadism, cognitive and metabolic deficits. The majority of patients are infertile due to complete germ cell loss after puberty. As the depletion occurs during development, the possibilities to study the underlying causes in humans are limited. In this study, we used the(More)
Sex chromosome imbalance in males is linked to a supernumerary X chromosome, a condition resulting in Klinefelter syndrome (KS; 47, XXY). KS patients suffer from infertility, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, and cognitive impairments. Mechanisms of KS pathophysiology are poorly understood and require further exploration using animal models. Therefore, we(More)
The outcome of sperm competition (i.e. competition for fertilization between ejaculates from different males) is primarily determined by the relative number and quality of rival sperm. Therefore, the testes are under strong selection to maximize both sperm number and quality, which are likely to result in trade-offs in the process of spermatogenesis (e.g.(More)
BACKGROUND Beyond determining the percentage of damaged sperm, current methods of DNA assessment are of limited clinical utility as they render the sample unusable. We evaluated Raman microspectroscopy, a laser-based non-invasive technique that provides detailed chemical 'fingerprints' of cells and which potentially could be used for nuclear DNA-based sperm(More)
Klinefelter syndrome (KS, 47,XXY) is associated with low serum testosterone (T), long thought to arise from disturbed steroidogenesis in Leydig cells. However, intratesticular testosterone (ITT) concentrations were recently found to be normal in a KS mouse model(41,XXY*). So far, nothing was known about ITT concentrations in human patients with KS.(More)
The social environment plays an important role in modulating processes of the hormonal and behavioural profile of an animal in a variety of group-living species. In wild cavies for instance, unstable social environmental conditions during pregnancy and lactation lead to an infantilised biobehavioural profile of the male offspring. In the present study, the(More)
Testicular organogenesis in vitro requires an environment allowing a reassembly of testicular cell types. Previous in vitro studies using male murine germ cells cultured in a defined three-dimensional environment demonstrated tubulogenesis and differentiation into spermatozoa. Combining scaffolds as artificial culture substrates with testicular cell(More)
Marmosets are used as preclinical model in reproductive research. In contrast to other primates, they display short gestation times rendering this species valid for exploration of effects on fertility. However, their peculiar endocrine regulation differs from a those of macaques and humans. We subjected male marmosets to previously clinically tested(More)
Sperm maturation in the epididymis may involve differences between mature and immature spermatozoa in their volume regulatory osmolyte response. Spermatozoa obtained from the rat caput and cauda epididymidis were examined for their ability to regulate volume after transfer from in situ epididymal osmolality (measured to be 343 +/- 13 and 365 +/- 19 mmol(More)