Oliver R Goodenough

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To investigate how individual differences in moral judgment competence are reflected in the human brain, we used event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging, while 23 participants made either socio-normative or grammatical judgments. Participants with lower moral judgment competence recruited the left ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the left(More)
Developments in cognitive neuroscience are providing new insights into the nature of normative judgment. Traditional views in such disciplines as philosophy, religion, law, psychology and economics have differed over the role and usefulness of intuition and emotion in judging blameworthiness. Cognitive psychology and neurobiology provide new tools and(More)
The purpose of this paper is to explore the significance for legal thought of recent developments in evolutionary theory which are associated with the notion of ‘memetics’. ‘Memetics’ aims to account for processes of cultural transmission and change using a version of the ‘genetic metaphor’. This is the idea that patterns of cultural evolution are closely(More)
Combining law and the brain as a matter for study requires the integration not just of two apparently remote fields of study but also of two profoundly different orientations towards research and study. We believe that, in spite of the difficulties, such a combination, perhaps even emerging in a new specialized discipline in the future, will not only enrich(More)
Human social life is uniquely complex and diverse. Much of that complexity and diversity arises from culturally transmitted ideas, values and skills that underpin the operation of social norms and institutions that structure our social life. Considerable theoretical and empirical work has been devoted to the role of cultural evolutionary processes in the(More)
Cognitive neuroscience is challenging the Anglo-American approach to criminal responsibility. Critiques, in this issue and elsewhere, are pointing out the deeply flawed psychological assumptions underlying the legal tests for mental incapacity. The critiques themselves, however, may be flawed in looking, as the tests do, at the psychology of the offender.(More)
“An eye for an eye and the whole world is blind.” Mahatma Gandhi used these words, and religious doctrine embraces their profound message. Forgiveness often protects more than the transgressor’s eye, however; it can heal the festering ulcers and heartache of the previously angry, bitter, spiteful victim. Sometimes victims must reach deep within themselves,(More)
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