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The cyanobacterial β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) is described as a low-potency excitotoxin, possibly a factor in the increased incidence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinsonism-dementia complex (PDC) in Guam. The latter association is intensively disputed, as L-BMAA concentrations required for toxic effects exceed those assumed to occur(More)
The cyanobacterially produced neurotoxin beta-N-methylamino-l-alanine (BMAA) is thought to induce amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/Parkinsonism dementia complex (ALS/PDC)-like symptoms. However, its mechanism of action and its pathway of intoxication are yet unknown. In vivo animal models suitable for investigating the neurotoxic effect of BMAA with(More)
Double electron-electron resonance (DEER) is an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique used to determine distance distributions in the nanometer range between spin labels by measuring their dipole-dipole interactions. Here we describe how in-cell DEER can be applied to spin-labeled DNA sequences to unravel their conformations in living cells by(More)
Elucidating the structure and dynamics of biomacromolecules, for example, proteins, RNA, or DNA, is crucial for understanding their physiological function. Beside widespread techniques, such as NMR spectroscopy or crystallography, sophisticated electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) methods in combination with site-directed spin labelingll ) are(More)
Spin-label electron paramagnetic resonance (SL-EPR) spectroscopy has become a powerful and useful tool for studying structure and dynamics of biomacromolecules. However, utilizing these methods at physiological temperatures for in-cell studies is hampered by reduction of the nitroxide spin labels and thus short half-lives in the cellular environment.(More)
In-cell DEER (in-cell double electron electron resonance) is applied to investigate quadruplex formation of the human telomeric repeat d[AGGG(TTAGGG)(3)]. The initially unfolded DNA sequence forms a mixture of different quadruplex topologies upon injection into living cells. In addition, time-dependent distance measurements are carried out to monitor(More)
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