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We evaluated various fast MR sequences for obtaining anatomical and dynamic functional information during deglutition. Seven healthy volunteers underwent MRI of the oropharynx during swallowing of an oral positive-contrast agent. Single-slice imaging was performed in the median sagittal plane while subjects were in a supine position. Twenty serial images(More)
Hippocampal metabolite concentrations were determined by localized in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in eleven patients suffering from refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), as well as in eleven age-matched healthy volunteers, and compared with patient history, postoperative outcome and histopathology. Main results are: 1) In(More)
Normal metabolite concentrations were determined in five different brain regions of healthy adult volunteers using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS) in vivo. The absolute in vivo concentrations of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine and phosphocreatine (Cre), and choline containing compounds (Cho) were quantified from measurements obtained with(More)
Current implementations of coronary artery magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) suffer from limited coverage of the coronary arterial system. Whole-heart coronary MRA was implemented based on a free-breathing steady-state free-precession (SSFP) technique with magnetization preparation. The technique was compared to a similar implementation of conventional,(More)
A deficit in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in the brain or the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is found in many epilepsy patients. Frequency and severity of seizures may be reduced by treatment with GABA increasing medicaments as e.g. vigabatrin, an irreversible inhibitor of GABA-transaminase. For a better understanding of the associated effects, healthy(More)
The feasibility of selective in vivo detection of glutathione (L-gamma-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine, GSH) in the human brain by means of (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) at 1.5 T is demonstrated. A double quantum coherence (DQC) filtering sequence was used in combination with PRESS volume selection. The strongly coupled cysteinyl CH(2) compound of(More)
A methodology is presented for placing deep brain stimulator electrodes under direct MR image guidance. The technique utilized a small, skull-mounted trajectory guide that is optimized for accurate alignment under MR fluoroscopy. Iterative confirmation scans are used to monitor device alignment and brain penetration. The methodology was initially tested in(More)
PURPOSE Vigabatrin (VGB) is a new antiepileptic drug that increases the human brain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) level by irreversibly inhibiting GABA transaminase. Although some patients respond to VGB with a significant seizure reduction, others do not. The aim of this study was to identify possible responders before or in an early phase of VGB(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the fact that C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and white blood cell (WBC) count are routine blood chemistry parameters for the early assessment of wound infection after surgical procedures, little is known about the natural history of their serum values after major and minimally invasive spinal procedures. METHODS Pre- and postoperative(More)
The quantification of in vivo MR spectra imposes severe problems because of low spectral resolution and poor signal-to-noise ratio. Maximum likelihood methods are often applied. However, with conventional spectrum analysis procedures, the search for a global minimum in a multidimensional space often terminates in only a local minimum. Heuristic optimization(More)