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BACKGROUND Intrarenal B cell clusters are associated with poor clinical outcome in acute interstitial rejection. The incidence of B cell aggregates in vascular rejection and the effect of therapy with the monoclonal CD20 antibody rituximab on intrarenal B cells are currently unclear. METHODS We analyzed the incidence of B cell clusters in patients with(More)
The discovery of interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4(+) T (Th17) cells as a unique T-helper cell lineage has revised our understanding of T-cell-mediated tissue injury. Recent data from studies in humans and mice indicate that autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis, classically believed to be Th1-mediated, are predominantly(More)
BACKGROUND The recent finding that phospholipase-A(2)-receptor antibodies (PLA(2)R-AB) may play a role in the development of primary membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) offers the opportunity to measure a marker to help diagnose, classify and eventually monitor the course of patients with MGN. METHODS We developed an immunofluorescence test, which allows(More)
The chemokine receptor CCR5 is predominantly expressed on monocytes and Th1-polarized T cells, and plays an important role in T cell and monocyte recruitment in inflammatory diseases. To investigate the functional role of CCR5 in renal inflammation, we induced a T cell-dependent model of glomerulonephritis (nephrotoxic serum nephritis) in CCR5(-/-) mice.(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) plays an important role in the recruitment of monocytes and T cells in inflammation and experimental studies suggest that CCR5 might be involved in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy. A mutation in the CCR5 gene (CCR5 Delta32), leading to a nonfunctional receptor, was recently described. We therefore evaluated the(More)
Recently, a (pro)renin receptor has been identified which mediates profibrotic effects independent of angiotensin II. Because antihypertensive therapy induces renal injury in the clipped kidney of two kidney-1-clip hypertensive rats, we examined the regulation of renin and the (pro)renin receptor in this model. Hypertensive Goldblatt rats were treated with(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies suggest that the infiltration of activated T cells into the allograft, the key event in the development of acute renal allograft rejection, depends on the expression of chemokines and their interaction with chemokine receptors expressed on T cells. METHODS For a more detailed comprehension of the pathogenesis of T-cell(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a common autoimmune disease, with kidney involvement a serious complication associated with poor prognosis. Humoral immune responses constitute the hallmark of disease, however T helper cells are required for the generation of autoantibodies, as well as the induction and progression of renal injury. Administration of pristane(More)
Intestinal Peyer's patches are essential lymphoid organs for the generation of T cell-dependent immunoglobulin A (IgA) for gut homeostasis. Through the use of interleukin 17 (IL-17) fate-reporter mice, we found here that endogenous cells of the TH17 subset of helper T cells in lymphoid organs of naive mice 'preferentially' homed to the intestines and were(More)