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The lipid A components of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains PAO1 (wild-type) and derived mutants PAO1 algC::tet and PAO1 PDO100 were isolated after mild acetic acid hydrolysis of LPS. Their structural heterogeneities were characterized using electrospray ionization (ESI) ion-trap mass spectrometry (MS) with direct infusion in the negative ion mode without(More)
We recently described the phase-variable expression of a virulence-associated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) epitope in Legionella pneumophila. In this study, the molecular mechanism for phase variation was investigated. We identified a 30 kb unstable genetic element as the molecular origin for LPS phase variation. Thirty putative genes were encoded on the 30 kb(More)
A putative gene encoding an O-acetyl transferase, lag-1, is involved in biosynthesis of the O-polysaccharide (polylegionaminic acid) in some Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 strains. To study the effect of the presence and absence of the gene on the O-polysaccharide O-acetylation, lag-1 from strain Philadelphia 1 was expressed in trans in the naturally(More)
The spontaneous Legionella pneumophila lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mutant 137, which did not bind the LPS-specific mAb 2625, was complemented with a genomic library from the parental wild-type strain. Transformants were screened for reconstitution of the wild-type LPS phenotype, able to bind mAb 2625. By this strategy, a 32,661 bp region comprising 30 open(More)
Previously, a phase-variable epitope was detected in the virulent wild-type strain RC1 of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 subgroup OLDA using a lipopolysaccharide-specific monoclonal antibody, mAb 2625 [Lüneberg, E., Zähringer, U., Knirel, Y. A., Steinmann, D., Hartmann, M., Steinmetz, I., Rohde, M., Kohl, J. & Frosch, M. (1998) J.Exp. Med. 188, 49-60].(More)
Two modifications of 5-acetimidoylamino-7-acetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-non-2-ulosonic acid (5-N-acetimidoyl-7-N-acetyllegionaminic acid) in the O-chain polysaccharide (OPS) of the Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concern N-methylation of the 5-N-acetimidoyl group in legionaminic acid. Both N-methylated(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) were isolated from rough-type mutant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Delta algC) derived from wild-type strains PAO1 (serogroup O5) and PAC1R (serogroup O3). Structural studies of the LPS core region with a special focus on the phosphorylation pattern were performed by 2D NMR spectroscopy, including a 1H,(31)P HMQC-TOCSY(More)
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