Share This Author
The critical role of retrieval processes in release from proactive interference
List-method directed forgetting: The forget cue improves both encoding and retrieval of postcue information
The findings suggest that two separate factors can contribute to list 2 enhancement: one (encoding) factor that is restricted to early list 2 items and does not depend on list output order, and another (retrieval) factors that pertains to all list 2Items and varies with the two lists’ output order.
List-method directed forgetting can be selective: Evidence from the 3-list and the 2-list tasks
The findings suggest that, at least with relatively short precue lists, participants may well be able to selectively forget irrelevant precue information when cued to do so.
Since the early 1970s, numerous studies have found evidence for the seemingly paradoxical feature of human memory that, in a variety of situations, recalling previously learned information can impede the authors' ability to recall related information.
Retrieval practice can insulate items against intralist interference: Evidence from the list-length effect, output interference, and retrieval-induced forgetting.
The findings add to the view that nonselective retrieval practice can stabilize and consolidate memories, and are consistent with a combination of contextual variability theory and a variant of study-phase retrieval theory that assumes that retrieval can create more distinct context features for retrieved items than restudy does for restudied items, thus reducing items' susceptibility to interference relative to restudies.
The contribution of encoding and retrieval processes to proactive interference.
- Oliver Kliegl, Bernhard Pastötter, K. Bäuml
- Psychology, BiologyJournal of experimental psychology. Learning…
- 19 January 2015
For both encoding and retrieval processes, PI was reduced in high-WMC subjects, suggesting that these subjects are able to separate target from nontarget information and create stronger focus on the target material.
Buildup and release from proactive interference – Cognitive and neural mechanisms
Selective directed forgetting in children.
Retrieval-induced remembering and forgetting
List-method directed forgetting: Evidence for the reset-of-encoding hypothesis employing item-recognition testing
The results support two-mechanism accounts of LMDF, which assume a critical role for a reset-of-encoding process for List 2 enhancement, and show strong enhancement effects for early List 2 items, but hardly any enhancementeffects for middle and late List 2Items.