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The mechanistic relationship between the signalling for the TNF effects by the human p55 TNF receptor (hu-p55-TNF-R) and the formation of a soluble form of the receptor, which is inhibitory to these effects, was explored by examining the function of C-terminally truncated mutants of the receptor, expressed in rodent cells. The 'wild-type' receptor signalled(More)
Homozygous targeted disruption of the mouse Caspase 8 (Casp8) gene was found to be lethal in utero. The Caspase 8 null embryos exhibited impaired heart muscle development and congested accumulation of erythrocytes. Recovery of hematopoietic colony-forming cells from the embryos was very low. In fibroblast strains derived from these embryos, the TNF(More)
An 809-bp region at the 5' flank of the human p55 tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNF-R)-encoding gene was found to be active in driving expression of the cat reporter gene, indicating that it contains a functional promoter. Deletion analysis showed that the promoter activity is present in the region between nucleotides (nt) -385 and -207; the sequence(More)
Two proteins which specifically bind tumor necrosis factor (TNF) have recently been isolated from human urine in our laboratory. The two proteins cross-react immunologically with two species of cell surface TNF receptors (TNF-R). Antibodies against one of the two TNF binding proteins (TBPI) were found to have effects characteristic of TNF, including(More)
High levels of circulating soluble tumor necrosis factor receptors (sTNF-R) are associated with HIV-1 infection and disease. To understand better this association, we have investigated p55 and p75 TNF-R expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subsets and in the promonocytic cell line U937, with or without HIV infection. Using flow cytometry(More)
The gene encoding the type II (p75) tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNF-RII) has been localized on human chromosome 1, band 1p36.2 by nonradioactive in situ hybridization. The gene encoding the type I (p55) TNF-R, which is structurally homologous to the type II (p75) TNF-R, has been previously localized on chromosome 12 band 12p13. Thus, despite their(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) initiates its multiple effects on cell function by binding at a high affinity to specific cell surface receptors. Two different molecular species of these receptors, which are expressed differentially in different cells, have been identified. The cDNAs of both receptors have recently been cloned. Antibodies to one of these(More)
In cells of the fibroblastoid line SV-80, rapid down-modulation of TNF binding in response to TNF itself, or to IL-1, was followed by a gradual recovery of binding, which occurred even in the continuous presence of the cytokines. Untreated cells carried mainly the 55-kDa receptor species. In cells treated with TNF or IL-1, the 55-kDa TNF-R, although(More)
The Gaza Strip borders the southern part of Israel and Egypt. There is a remarkable difference in the prevalence of antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) between Israel (0.5%) and Egypt (10%). A few thousand inhabitants cross the borders daily from the Gaza Strip to both countries. The objectives of this study were to investigate the prevalence of HCV(More)
Expression of the two known receptors for TNF was studied in the promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 before and after differentiation of the cells along the granulocyte lineage (induced by incubation with retinoic acid), or along the macrophage lineage (induced by incubation with the phorbol diester, PMA). The extent of inhibition of TNF binding by(More)