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New approaches to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS)-with exact compositional assignments-of small (Au25) nanoparticles with uniform and mixed protecting organothiolate monolayers are described. The results expand the scope of analysis and reveal a rich chemistry of ionization behavior. ESI-MS of solutions of phenylethanethiolate(More)
Ligand-free metal clusters can be prepared over a wide size range, but only in comparatively small amounts. Determining their size-dependent properties has therefore required the development of experimental methods that allow characterization of sample sizes comprising only a few thousand mass-selected particles under well-defined collision-free conditions.(More)
We have recorded the first conformer-selective photoelectron spectra of a protein polyanion in the gas-phase. Bovine cytochrome c protein was studied in 8 different negative charge states ranging from 5- to 12-. Electron binding energies were extracted for all charge states and used as a direct probe of intramolecular Coulomb repulsion. Comparison of(More)
Pathologies in the skeleton of phytosaurs, extinct archosauriform reptiles restricted to the Late Triassic, have only been rarely described. The only known postcranial pathologies of a phytosaur are two pairs of fused vertebrae of "Angistorhinopsis ruetimeyeri" from Halberstadt, Germany, as initially described by the paleontologist Friedrich von Huene.(More)
neuroimaging. I laid out the critical prediction derived from load theory, namely that visual cortex responses to distractor stimuli should depend on the level of load in the attended task, in the same manner as I had shown in my behavioural studies. About a year later, following a departmental seminar, Chris introduced me to his PhD student saying: "(More)
A vertebral fragment of the Late Jurassic ornithopod dinosaur Dysalotosaurus lettowvorbecki from Tanzania is described. It consists of a hemivertebra that is co-ossified with a complete vertebral centrum. The hemivertebra causes a hyperkyphotic posture of the vertebral column with an angle of approximately 35 degrees between the end plates of the vertebra,(More)
We revisit the reactivity of trapped pure gold (Au(n)+, n < 26) and silver gold alloy cluster cations (Ag(m)Au(n)+, m + n < 7) with carbon monoxide as studied in a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer. The experimental results are discussed in terms of ab initio computations which provide a comprehensive picture of the(More)
Room temperature CO adsorption on isolated gold cluster cations is studied over a wide size range (Au(n) (+),1<n<66) in a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer. Kinetic data which yield absolute bimolecular rate constants are analyzed by means of a radiative association model to give adsorption energies for the first CO molecule(More)