Learn More
Myocardial blood flow heterogeneity in shock and small-volume resuscitation in pigs with coronary stenosis. J. Appl. Physiol. 83(6): 1832-1841, 1997.-We analyzed the effects of shock and small-volume resuscitation in the presence of coronary stenosis on fractal dimension (D) and spatial correlation (SC) of regional myocardial perfusion. Hemorrhagic shock(More)
Adequate organ function requires adequate provision of cells with oxygen (O2). The driving force for O2-diffusion from ambient air to its site of consumption in cell mitochondria is the oxygen partial pressure (pO2) gradient along this pathway. After uptake in the lungs, O2 transport in blood is achieved (1) through binding to haemoglobin and (2) through(More)
Fluorescent microspheres (FM) have become an attractive alternative to radioactive microspheres (RM) for the measurement of regional blood flow (RBF). The aim of the present study was to investigate the comparability of both methods by measuring RBF with FM and RM. Eight anaesthetised pigs received simultaneous, left atrial injections of FM and RM with a(More)
BACKGROUND When initiated in anemic hypoxia, hyperoxic ventilation (ventilation with pure O2, FiO2 1.0, HV) reverses hypoxia-induced ECG-changes and enables survival for several hours. The quantification of the HV-induced gain in anemia tolerance and particularly the Hb-equivalent of HV in this situation are unknown. METHODS Nine anaesthetized pigs were(More)
OBJECTIVE Laryngeal tubes are supraglottic airway devices that can be used in alternative to a tracheal tube to provide ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The product line has recently been expanded by the disposable laryngeal tube suction (LTS-D). We tested the hypothesis that, with a modified insertion technique (MIT), the rate of correct(More)
BACKGROUND Acute normovolemic hemodilution reduces the circulating erythrocyte mass and, thus, the hemoglobin concentration. After extreme acute normovolemic hemodilution to the critical hemoglobin concentration (Hbcrit), oxygen demand of the tissues is no longer met by oxygen supply, and death occurs with increasing oxygen debt. The aim of the current(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of prophylactic hyperoxic ventilation with Fio2 0.6 on the physiologic limit of acute normovolemic anemia. DESIGN Prospective, controlled, randomized experimental study. SETTING Experimental animal laboratory of a university hospital. SUBJECTS Fourteen anesthetized domestic pigs. INTERVENTIONS Animals were(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenously administered perfluorocarbon (PFC) emulsions increase oxygen solubility in plasma. PFC might therefore temporarily replace red cells (RBCs) lost during intraoperative hemorrhage. In patients who have undergone hemodilution, the return of autologous blood may be delayed by the administration of PFC, and autologous RBCs may be saved(More)
Clinicians lack a practical method for measuring CBF rapidly, repeatedly, and noninvasively at the bedside. A new noninvasive technique for estimation of cerebral hemodynamics by use of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and an intravenously infused tracer dye is proposed. Kinetics of the infrared tracer indocyanine green were monitored on the intact skull(More)