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A spectrum of membrane curvatures exists within cells, and proteins have evolved different modules to detect, create, and maintain these curvatures. Here we present the crystal structure of one such module found within human FCHo2. This F-BAR (extended FCH) module consists of two F-BAR domains, forming an intrinsically curved all-helical antiparallel dimer(More)
1 The ability to actively remodel membranes in response to nucleotide hydrolysis has largely been attributed to GTPases of the dynamin superfamily, and these have been extensively studied 1. Epsin homology (EH)-domain-containing proteins (EHDs/RME-1/pincher) comprise a less-well-characterized class of highly conserved eukaryotic ATPases implicated in(More)
Chicken YF1 genes share a close sequence relationship with classical MHC class I loci but map outside of the core MHC region. To obtain insights into their function, we determined the structure of the YF1*7.1/β(2)-microgloblin complex by X-ray crystallography at 1.3 Å resolution. It exhibits the architecture typical of classical MHC class I molecules but(More)
The interferon-inducible dynamin-like myxovirus resistance protein 1 (MxA; also called MX1) GTPase is a key mediator of cell-autonomous innate immunity against pathogens such as influenza viruses. MxA partially localizes to COPI-positive membranes of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment. At the point of infection, it redistributes(More)
Dynamin 1-like protein (DNM1L) mediates fission of mitochondria and peroxisomes, and dysfunction of DNM1L has been implicated in several neurological disorders. To study the molecular basis of mitochondrial remodelling, we determined the crystal structure of DNM1L that is comprised of a G domain, a bundle signalling element and a stalk. DNM1L assembled via(More)
Dynamin is a mechanochemical GTPase that oligomerizes around the neck of clathrin-coated pits and catalyses vesicle scission in a GTP-hydrolysis-dependent manner. The molecular details of oligomerization and the mechanism of the mechanochemical coupling are currently unknown. Here we present the crystal structure of human dynamin 1 in the nucleotide-free(More)
The stomatin-domain defines a family of proteins that are found in all classes of life. The ubiquity of stomatin-family proteins and their high degree of homology suggest that they have a unifying cellular function, which has yet to be defined. The five stomatin family proteins in mammals show varying expression patterns and different sub-cellular(More)
Human myxovirus resistance protein 1 (MxA) is an interferon-induced dynamin-like GTPase that acts as a cell-autonomous host restriction factor against many viral pathogens including influenza viruses. To study the molecular principles of its antiviral activity, we determined the crystal structure of nucleotide-free MxA, which showed an extended three-domain(More)
Selective interactions between tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins and their cognate, SH2-domain containing ligands play key roles in mammalian signal transduction. Several bacterial pathogens use secretion systems to inject tyrosine kinase substrates into host cells. Upon phosphorylation, these effector proteins recruit cellular binding partners to manipulate(More)
Rap1 is a small GTPase that is involved in signal transduction cascades. It is highly homologous to Ras but it is down-regulated by its own set of GTPase activating proteins (GAPs). To investigate the mechanism of the GTP-hydrolysis reaction catalyzed by Rap1GAP, a catalytically active fragment was expressed in Escherichia coli and characterized by kinetic(More)