Oliver Daltrop

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C-type cytochromes are proteins that are essential for the life of virtually all organisms. They characteristically contain heme that is covalently attached via thioether bonds to two cysteines in the protein. In this Account, we describe the challenging chemistry of thioether bond formation and the surprising variety of biogenesis systems that exist in(More)
C-type cytochromes are a structurally diverse group of haemoproteins, which are related by the occurrence of haem covalently attached to a polypeptide via two thioether bonds formed by the vinyl groups of haem and cysteine side chains in a CXXCH peptide motif. Remarkably, three different post-translational systems for forming these cytochromes have been(More)
C-type cytochromes are essential for almost all organisms; they are characterized by the covalent attachment of heme to protein through two thioether bonds to a Cys-Xaa-Xaa-Cys-His peptide motif. Here we show, contrary to opinion of 30 years standing, that a c-type cytochrome can form from heme and apoprotein in vitro under mild conditions and in the(More)
The heme chaperone CcmE is a novel protein that binds heme covalently via a histidine residue as part of its essential function in the process of cytochrome c biogenesis in many bacteria as well as plant mitochondria. In the continued absence of a structure of the holoform of CcmE, identification of the heme ligands is an important step in understanding the(More)
Haem (Fe-protoporphyrin IX) is a cofactor found in a wide variety of proteins. It confers diverse functions, including electron transfer, the binding and sensing of gases, and many types of catalysis. The majority of cofactors are non-covalently attached to proteins. There are, however, some proteins in which the cofactor binds covalently and one of the(More)
Three key steps of cytochrome c biogenesis in many Gram-negative bacteria, the uptake of heme by the heme chaperone CcmE, the covalent attachment of heme to CcmE, and its subsequent release from CcmE to an apocytochrome c, have been achieved in vitro. apo-CcmE from Escherichia coli preferentially bound to ferric, with high affinity (K(d), 200 nM), rather(More)
Previously, in vitro formation of thioether bonds between Hydrogenobacter thermophilus apocytochrome c(552) and Fe-protoporphyrin IX has been demonstrated. Now we report studies on the reaction between the metalloderivatives Zn-, Co-, and Mn-protoporphyrin IX and the cysteine thiols of H. thermophilus apocytochrome c(552). All of these metalloporphyrins(More)
C-type cytochromes are characterized by having the heme moiety covalently attached via thioether bonds between the heme vinyl groups and the thiols of conserved cysteine residues of the polypeptide chain. Previously, we have shown the in vitro formation of Hydrogenobacter thermophilus cytochrome c(552) (Daltrop, O., Allen, J. W. A., Willis, A. C., and(More)
Previous work [Metcalfe, Ott, Patel, Singh, Mistry, Goff and Raven (2004) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16242-16248] has shown that the introduction of a methionine residue (S160M variant) close to the 2-vinyl group of the haem in ascorbate peroxidase leads to the formation of a covalent haem-methionine linkage under oxidative conditions (i.e. on reaction with(More)
In vitro formation of Hydrogenobacter thermophilus cytochrome c552 has previously been demonstrated (Daltrop, O., Allen, J. W. A., Willis, A. C., and Ferguson, S. J. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99, 7872-7876). Now we report that the single cysteine variants of H. thermophilus c552, which bind heme via a single thioether bond, also form in vitro.(More)