Oliver Carroll

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The generation of many HLA class I peptides entails a final trimming step in the endoplasmic reticulum that, in humans, is accomplished by two 'candidate' aminopeptidases. We show here that one of these, ERAP1, was unable to remove several N-terminal amino acids that were trimmed efficiently by the second enzyme, ERAP2. This trimming of a longer peptide(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules present peptides, produced through cytosolic proteasomal degradation of cellular proteins, to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In dendritic cells, the peptides can also be derived from internalized antigens through a process known as cross-presentation. The cellular compartments involved in cross-presentation(More)
Critical limb ischemia is a major clinical problem. Despite rigorous treatment regimes, there has been only modest success in reducing the rate of amputations in affected patients. Reduced level of blood flow and enhanced inflammation are the two major pathophysiological changes that occur in the ischemic tissue. The objective of this study was to develop a(More)
Pathologic neovascularisation and ocular permeability are hallmarks of proliferative diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. Current pharmacologic interventions targeting VEGF are effective in only 30-60% of patients and require multiple intraocular injections associated with iatrogenic infection. Thus, our goal is to develop novel small(More)
Most peptide ligands presented by MHC class I molecules are the product of an intracellular pathway comprising protein breakdown in the cytosol, transport into the endoplasmic reticulum, and successive N-terminal trimming events. The efficiency of each of these processes depends on the amino acid sequence of the presented ligand and its precursors. Thus,(More)
The vast majority of the peptides produced during protein degradation by the cytosolic proteasome-ubiquitin system are consecutively hydrolyzed to single amino acids by multiple cytosolic peptidases preferring intermediate length or short substrates. The small fraction of peptides surviving the aggressive cytosolic environment can be recruited for(More)
Self-assembly driven processes can be utilized to produce a variety of nanostructures useful for various in vitro and in vivo applications. Characteristics such as size, stability, biocompatibility, high therapeutic loading and controlled delivery of these nanostructures are particularly crucial in relation to in vivo applications. In this study, we report(More)