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AIMS Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression/amplification is implicated in the development of various solid tumour types. Validated methods and scoring systems for evaluating HER2 status exist in breast cancer, but not in gastric cancer. The aim was to establish a HER2 scoring system for gastric cancer to identify suitable patients(More)
Based on data from a large multicenter phase III trial (ToGA study) trastuzumab has very recently been approved by the EMEA for metastatic gastric cancer and adenocarcinoma of the gastro-esophageal junction. Only patients with tumors which over express Her2 as defined by IHC2+ and a confirmatory FISH+ result, or IHC 3+, determined by an accurate and(More)
We compiled a comprehensive database of alternative exons from the literature and analyzed them statistically. Most alternative exons are cassette exons and are expressed in more than two tissues. Of all exons whose expression was reported to be specific for a certain tissue, the majority were expressed in the brain. Whereas the length of constitutive exons(More)
AIMS To investigate the correlation between centrally assessed human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) immunohistochemistry (IHC) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) results and response to treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer enrolled in a first-line, phase II, open-label, 3-weekly trastuzumab (Herceptin) monotherapy trial(More)
The exact mechanisms leading to alternative splice site selection are still poorly understood. However, recently cotransfection studies in eukaryotic cells were successfully used to decipher contributions of RNA elements (cis-factors), their interacting protein components (trans-factors) or the cell type to alternative pre-mRNA splicing. Splice factors(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether (1) immunohistochemical (IHC) HER2 status (ie, 2+ or 3+), (2) degree of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) amplification according to (2a) HER2/CEP17 ratio or (2b) HER2 gene copy number, or (3) polysomy significantly influenced clinical outcome for patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive(More)
We identified the rat Sam68-like mammalian protein (rSLM-2), a member of the STAR (signal transduction and activation of RNA) protein family as a novel splicing regulatory protein. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, coimmunoprecipitations, and pull-down assays, we demonstrate that rSLM-2 interacts with various proteins involved in the regulation of(More)
BACKGROUND In the Trastuzumab for GAstric cancer (ToGA) study, trastuzumab plus chemotherapy improved median overall survival by 2.7 months in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive [immunohistochemistry (IHC) 3+/fluorescence in situ hybridization-positive] gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer compared with chemotherapy(More)
The Sam68-like mammalian protein SLM-1 is a member of the STAR protein family and is related to SAM68 and SLM-2. Here, we demonstrate that rSLM-1 interacts with itself, scaffold-attachment factor B, YT521-B, SAM68, rSLM-2, SRp30c, and hnRNP G. rSLM-1 regulates splice site selection in vivo via a purine-rich enhancer. In contrast to the widely expressed(More)
PURPOSE Nucleoside and nucleobase derivatives are currently used in the treatment of a variety of solid tumors; however, the role of plasma membrane transporters as biomarkers of drug metabolism has not been fully addressed. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine whether the concentrative nucleoside transporter hCNT1 is a predictive marker of(More)