Oliver Broedel

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BACKGROUND There have been repeated reports of antidepressant effects of thyroid hormones. In this study, we investigated whether antidepressant treatments enhance the concentrations of thyroid hormones in rat brain. METHODS Each of the groups of rats was treated for 14 days with one of the following: an antidepressant drug (desipramine, paroxetine,(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of hyper- and hypothyroidism on thyroid hormone concentrations and deiodinase activities in nine regions of the rat brain. Four weeks of treatment with 75 microg thyroxine (T4)/kg body wt induced a two- to threefold increase in T4 levels in all of these brain regions, whereas the(More)
This study reports the development of a highly sensitive and reproducible RIA for the measurement of 3,5-diiodothyronine (3,5-T2) in human serum and tissue. The RIA employs 3-bromo-5-[125I]iodo-L-thyronine (3-Br-5-[125I]T1) as tracer, which was synthesized carrier free by an interhalogen exchange from 3,5-dibromo-L-thyronine (3,5-Br2T0). The detection(More)
When the p-value is set at <0.05 in statistical group comparisons, a 5% rate of "false significant" results is expected. In order to test the reliability of our 2-DE method, we loaded each of 24 gels with equal-sized samples (200 mug protein from pooled rat brain, pH 4-7, stained with ruthenium fluorescent stain for visualization) and statistically compared(More)
The steady state levels of the messenger RNA (mRNA) of eight GABA(A) receptor subunits, five glutamate receptor subunits and seven enzymes involved in the synthesis of glutamate and GABA were measured in eight regions of rat brain in a recently developed animal model of 'behavioural dependence' on ethanol. 'Behavioural dependence' including loss of control(More)
There is increasing evidence of an involvement of thyroid hormones in numerous physiological processes of the adult vertebrate brain. However, the only valid method available for measuring triiodothyronine (T3) in brain tissue is time-consuming and not sufficiently sensitive to determine hormone concentrations in small, but physiologically important areas(More)
The steady-state levels of messenger RNA (mRNA) of the glucose transporters 1 and 3 and the glycolytic enzymes hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and pyruvate dehydrogenase were measured in up to seven brain regions of the rat in a recently developed animal model of 'behavioral dependence' on ethanol. Irreversible(More)
In this article we describe the development of a highly sensitive, accurate, and reproducible RIA for the measurement of 3,3'-diiodothyronine (3,3'-T2) in human serum and brain tissue. The detection limits were 1.8 fmol/g and 1.5 pmol/L in human brain tissue and serum, respectively. Serum concentrations of 3,3'-T2 were measured in 4 groups of patients with(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the extent to which differences in spot intensity can be reliably recognized between two groups of two-dimensional electrophoresis gels (pH 4-7, visualized with ruthenium fluorescent stain) each loaded with different amounts of protein from rat brain (power analysis). Initial experiments yielded only unsatisfactory(More)
Little is known about what happens to transmembrane proteins (TMP) in 2-DE. In order to obtain more insight into the whereabouts of these proteins we prepared membrane-enriched synaptosomes from rat frontal cortex and washed them with 7 M urea or Na(2)CO(3). From each preparation, 200 microg protein was loaded on 2-DE gels covering the 4-7 and 6-11 pH(More)