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Analysis of the spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters of locomotion recorded in 21 parkinsonian patients compared to 58 normal elderly subjects showed significant differences in all the recorded parameters. However the relationship between these parameters was preserved, as was the basic locomotor pattern. The variability of stride length, more marked in(More)
The effect of placing parallel lines on the walking surface on parkinsonian gait was evaluated. To identify the kind of visual cues (static or dynamic) required for the control of locomotion, we tested two visual conditions: normal lighting and stroboscopic illumination (three flashes/s), the latter acting to suppress dynamic visual cues completely. Sixteen(More)
Quantitative analysis of gait was performed in 20 parkinsonians before and 1 h after the acute administration of L-Dopa in order to discriminate between the Dopa-sensitive and the Dopa-resistant kinematic gait parameters. The stride length and the kinematic parameters (swing velocity, peak velocity) related to the energy were Dopa-sensitive. The improvement(More)
A 6-week acute phase of an international 1-year double-blind study was conducted comparing three dose ranges of olanzapine (5 +/- 2.5 mg/day, 10 +/- 2.5 mg/day, and 15 +/- 2.5 mg/day) with a fixed dose of olanzapine (1.0 mg/day) and with a dose range of haloperidol (15 +/- 5 mg/day) in the treatment of 431 patients with schizophrenia. The purpose was to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the frequency and disability caused by nonmotor fluctuations (NMF) in PD. METHODS A structured questionnaire was administered to 50 patients with PD with motor fluctuations (MF), focused on 54 nonmotor symptoms classified in three subgroups: 26 dysautonomic, 21 cognitive and psychiatric, and seven pain/sensory NMF. The link between(More)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a brain disorder with recognizable periods of onset, course, familial occurrence, epidemiology, phenomenology, and treatment response. Several manifestations of pathophysiology are beginning to be defined, although they may represent intermediate pathophysiology rather than primary etiology. Positron emission(More)
We measured spatiotemporal contrast sensitivity and gait variables in a 60-year-old man who had spontaneous episodes of freezing gait without any sign of rigidity or tremor. One major factor triggering freezing was the characteristics of visual space, as freezing episodes occurred during spontaneous walking and passing through apertures and never during(More)
We studied the effects of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) in 12 patients with motor neuron syndromes associated with high titers of anti-GM1 antibodies. Five of the patients had conduction blocks. The study design was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial with IVIg (0.4 g/kg body weight per day injected for 5 consecutive days). We evaluated(More)
The subjects were 62 patients hospitalized for acute exacerbations of schizophrenia and were randomly assigned to receive risperidone (mean dose, 7.4 mg/day), haloperidol (7.6 mg/day), or methotrimeprazine (100 mg/day) for 4 weeks. Clinical improvement, defined a priori as a 20% reduction in total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) scores at end(More)
We studied the effects of lorazepam, a benzodiazepine, on differentiated emotions in healthy volunteers. In order to induce differentiated emotions, film excerpts were selected on the basis of the type of emotion they induced (fear, anger and for affective tone neutral film). For 6 days (D1 to D6), ten healthy volunteers received lorazepam (1 mg bid) or(More)