Oliver Bechtold

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The microflora plays a crucial role in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Specific pathogen-free (SPF), but not germ-free, interleukin (IL)-2-deficient (IL-2-/-) mice develop colitis. The colitogenicity of commensal bacteria was determined. METHODS Gnotobiotic IL-2-/- and IL-2+/+ mice were colonized with Escherichia coli mpk,(More)
We investigated whether commensal bacteria modulate activation and maturation of bone marrow-derived DC and their ability to prime CD4(+) T cells. We used Escherichia coli mpk, which induces colitis in gnotobiotic IL-2-deficient (IL-2(-/-)) mice, and Bacteroides vulgatus mpk, which prevents E. coli-induced colitis. Stimulation of DC with E. coli induced(More)
BACKGROUND Specific pathogen-free (SPF), but not germfree (GF), interleukin (IL)-2-deficient (IL-2-/-) mice develop inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at 10 to 15 weeks of age. Gnotobiotic IL-2-/- mice monocolonized with E. coli mpk develop IBD at 25 to 33 weeks of age but not B. vulgatus mpk, E. coli Nissle 1917, or mice cocolonized with both E. coli mpk and(More)
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