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Phorbol esters (PEs) and their derivatives are potent tumor-promoting agents. The best known receptors for these substances are the novel and classical isotypes of protein kinase C (PKC), which bind PE and the physiological second messenger diacylglycerol (DAG) by cysteine-rich domains, the C1 domains. However, PKC is not the sole receptor of PE, a concept(More)
Recently, EpCAM has attracted major interest as a target for antibody- and vaccine-based cancer immunotherapies. In breast cancer, the EpCAM antigen is overexpressed in 30-40% of all cases and this increased expression correlates with poor prognosis. The use of EpCAM-specific monoclonal antibodies is a promising treatment approach in these patients. In(More)
BACKGROUND In previous work, the four-amino analogue of tetrahydrobiopterin, a novel, selective inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase, has been shown to prolong survival of murine cardiac allografts. METHODS To further elucidate the underlying molecular immunosuppressive mechanism, we compared the effect of four-amino tetrahydrobiopterin with that(More)
Estrogens have profound effects on the developing prostate and are suspected to contribute to the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia, but the mechanism by which this hormone elicits its regulatory function still remains largely unknown. Using complementary RNA microarrays comprising approximately 10,000 oligonucleotide gene targets we compared(More)
BACKGROUND Androgen receptor (AR) signaling is implicated in prostate cancer progression. Therefore, identification of AR downstream genes is potentially important for selection of novel markers and therapy targets in prostate cancer. METHODS Expression of a thyroid hormone T3-binding protein mu-crystallin (CRYM) mRNA and protein in cell lines was(More)
Signaling networks regulate cellular responses to external stimuli through post-translational modifications such as protein phosphorylation. Phosphoproteomics facilitate the large-scale identification of kinase substrates. Yet, the characterization of critical connections within these networks and the identification of respective kinases remain the major(More)
BACKGROUND To-date modern drug research has focused on the discovery and synthesis of single active substances. However, multicomponent preparations are gaining increasing importance in the phytopharmaceutical field by demonstrating beneficial properties with respect to efficacy and toxicity. DISCUSSION In contrast to single drug combinations, a botanical(More)
The Tibetan herbal remedy PADMA 28 revealed promising results to support treatment of atherosclerosis, Charot syndrome (intermittent claudication), chronic active hepatitis and infection of the respiratory tract. The remedy was confirmed to be closely linked with anti- and pro-oxidative properties in vitro. In this study, apoptogenic and survival effects of(More)
Transcriptome analysis in combination with pathway-focused bioassays is suggested to be a helpful approach for gaining deeper insights into the complex mechanisms of action of herbal multicomponent preparations in living cells. The polyherbalism based concept of Tibetan and Ayurvedic medicine considers therapeutic efficacy through multi-target effects. A(More)
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