Learn More
An association between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway and response of cancer cells to ionizing radiation has been reported. Recently, a polymorphic variant in the EGFR gene that leads to an arginine-to-lysine substitution in the extracellular domain at codon 497 within subdomain IV of EGFR has been identified. The variant EGFR(More)
BACKGROUND Researchers have recently reported an association between the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway and platinum-chemotherapy sensitivity in cancer patients. The (CA)(n) repeat polymorphism in intron 1 of the EGFR gene has been identified and found to alter EGFR expression in vitro as well as in vivo. A higher number of these CA repeats(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether mRNA expression levels of cyclin D1 (CCND1), cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), interleukin 8 (IL-8), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), all members of the EGFR signaling pathway, are associated with clinical outcome in patients with EGFR-expressing metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC)(More)
PURPOSE Stage II and III adenocarcinoma of the rectum has an overall 5-year survival rate of approximately 50%, and tumor recurrence remains a major problem despite an improvement in local control through chemotherapy and radiation. The efficacy of chemoradiation therapy may be significantly compromised as a result of interindividual variations in clinical(More)
We tested specific gene polymorphisms known to be involved in the irinotecan (CPT-11) metabolic pathway. The combination of at least one SLCO1B1 521 T allele, one ABCB1 1236 C allele and one UGT1A1*28 variant 7 repeat demonstrated a statistically significant association with Grade 3/4 toxicities in metastatic colorectal cancer patients.
The study aimed to investigate whether polymorphisms in genes of the EGFR signaling pathway are associated with clinical outcome in advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) patients treated with single-agent Cetuximab. Polymorphisms of interest in the EGFR pathway include: cyclin D1 (CCND1) A870G, cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2) G-765C, epidermal growth factor (EGF) A61G,(More)
Evidence is accumulating supporting gender-related differences in the development of colonic carcinomas. Sex steroid hormone receptors are expressed in the colon and interact with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a gene widely expressed in colonic tissue. Increased EGFR expression is linked with poor prognosis in colon cancer. Within the EGFR gene(More)
PURPOSE Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme regulating intracellular folate levels, which affects DNA synthesis and methylation. Two MTHFR gene polymorphisms, C677T and A1298C, are linked to altered enzyme activity. Several studies have shown these two polymorphisms to be associated with response to fluorouracil (FU) -based treatment(More)
Estrogen replacement therapy in women has shown a protective effect on the development of colonic carcinomas. Gender-related differences in the development of colonic carcinomas have also been reported. Estrogen receptor-β (ERβ) is expressed in colon carcinomas and has shown prognostic value in colon cancer patients. This study investigated an ERβ 3'(More)
Estrogen replacement therapy in women has demonstrated a protective effect in the development of colonic carcinomas. Gender-related differences in the development of colonic carcinomas have also been reported. Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) is expressed in colon carcinomas and has demonstrated prognostic value in colon cancer patients. This study investigated(More)