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This paper describes the organisation of a database for human mitochondrial control-region sequences. The data are divided into three ASCII files that contain aligned sequences from the hypervariable region I (HVRI), from the hypervariable region II (HVRII), and the available information about the individuals, from whom the sequences stem. The current(More)
The molecular basis for the cytogenetic appearance of chromosomal fragile sites is not yet understood. Late replication and further delay of replication at fragile sites expressing alleles has been observed for FRAXA, FRAXE and FRA3B fragile site loci. We analysed the timing of replication at the FRA10B and FRA16B loci to determine whether late replication(More)
The study of ancient DNA offers the possibility of following genetic change over time. However, the field is plagued by a problem which is unique in molecular biology-the difficulty of verifying results by reproduction. Some of the reasons for this are technical and derive from the low copy number and damaged state of ancient DNA molecules. Other reasons(More)
A common mechanism for chromosomal fragile site genesis is not yet apparent. Folate-sensitive fragile sites are expanded p(CCG)n repeats that arise from longer normal alleles. Distamycin A or bromodeoxyuridine-inducible fragile site FRA16B is an expanded AT-rich approximately 33 bp repeat; however, the relationship between normal and fragile site alleles is(More)
This study reports on the comparison of a standard extraction process with the direct PCR approach of processing low-level DNA swabs typical in forensic investigations. Varying concentrations of control DNA were deposited onto three commonly encountered substrates, brass, plastic, and glass, left to dry, and swabbed using premoistened DNA-free nylon(More)
We present here the derivation of paternity index formulae that covers situations of a disputed paternity trio with a trisomic product of conception. We consider six possible mechanisms for trisomy to occur: dispermy, dieggy, paternal meiosis I or II, and maternal meiosis I or II in the calculation. We also provide a biological explanation for how each of(More)
Using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, steady-state levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) mRNA were investigated in a number of human, bovine and rat tissues. Transcripts were consistently detected in parathyroid glands as well as in lymphocytes, lymphoblastoid cells and several tumours. Levels of transcription were not measurably increased in(More)
Fingermarks are a source of human identification both through the ridge patterns and DNA profiling. Typing nuclear STR DNA markers from previously enhanced fingermarks provides an alternative method of utilising the limited fingermark deposit that can be left behind during a criminal act. Dusting with fingerprint powders is a standard method used in(More)
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