Olimpia Nowakowska

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A retrospective ophthalmic analysis 44 of 118 patients with congenital blepharoptosis aged from 2 to 48, who underwent surgical correction at the Department of Plastic Surgery of Lódź between 1977 and 2001, was reviewed. Patients with congenital blepharoptosis were investigated by ophthalmologists in the pre and postoperative period, and their medical(More)
PURPOSE To present the results of management of patients with persistent diplopia after orbital reconstructive surgery with respect to the type of ocular motility impairment pattern. METHODS All patients referred during a 2-year period because of persistent diplopia after surgical repair of orbital fracture were categorized according to the degree and(More)
The studies comprised 70 patients with convergent and divergent strabismus. Deviation of the eye was measured before and after surgery with commonly applied methods. The anterior-posterior axial length of the eyeball was determined with A-scan and B-scan USG. Typical surgical methods, recession and reaction of the horizontal muscles were performed in one-(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of children with primary exotropia, operated on before 14 years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study included 62 children with primary, constant and intermittent exotropia operated on before 14 years of age. The patients were divided into two age groups. The first one(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study is to present the results of surgery in intermittent divergent strabismus with adjustable sutures, and to compare them to the results of conventional technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study group consisted of 25 patients operated in our department because of intermittent divergent squint with adjustable sutures--group I and(More)
PURPOSE Analysis of effects of non-operative treatment of diplopia complicating cataract surgery with IOL implantation or secondary IOL implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS 22 patients with diplopia occurring after cataract surgery with IOL implantation or secondary IOL implantation were enrolled into the study. Only the patients who were not eligible for(More)
PURPOSE A-V strabismus patterns may occur with or without oblique muscles overaction and thus require different surgical approach. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of unilateral vs bilateral surgery for A and V pattern strabismus in children with oblique muscles overaction. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective review of 45 children with(More)
BACKGROUND Eye injuries are one of the most common sequelae of facial trauma. On the other hand extraocular muscle involvement entails the ocular motility disorders and double vision. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of orbital trauma on the social and professional activities of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The material consisted of 44(More)
PURPOSE Patients with VIth nerve palsy that does not resolve within 6 months should undergo surgery. The most common procedure used in such cases is transposition of a whole or a part of a vertical rectus muscle combined or not with a resection of the lateral rectus muscle. Commonly, a simultaneous recession of medial rectus muscle with or without prior(More)
PURPOSE To answer the question, whether it is possible to achieve a functional improvement after strabismus surgery in adults. METHODS The study comprised 71 patients, aged 13-53, in whom after strabismus surgery, deviation was reduced to +/- 4 degrees. The degree of binocular vision was examined with weak and strong dissociating tests. RESULTS Complete(More)