Olga. V. Gevorkyan

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An increase in corticofugal plasticity was demonstrated in adult rats after unilateral ablation of the sensorimotor cortex accompanied by intramuscular administration of low concentrations of BT-melanin solution. The result was acceleration of the process of compensatory recovery in the central nervous system, this being supported by the rapid recovery of a(More)
Experiments were performed on 48 albino rats. Part of the experimental animals were initially trained to a balancing instrumental conditioned reflex (ICR). Unilateral bulbar pyramidotomy performed in all rats caused contralateral hemiparesis. On the next day following the operation 24 rats were injected intramuscularly with bacterial melanin solution. 12 of(More)
A hypothesis was proposed according to which the switching of descending influences by the corticospinal and corticorubrospinal systems was associated with rubro-olivary projection involvement depending on the context of movement [Kennedy P. R. (1990) Trends Neurosci. 13, 474-479]. Our results confirmed and extended this hypothesis. It was shown that a(More)
Transection of the rubrospinal tract in rats, performed before lesion of the red nucleus, resulted in the facilitated recovery of motor activity and operantly conditioned reflexes. Such facilitation was absent when the red nucleus is lesioned alone. This phenomenon is explained by the switching of descending influences on the corticospinal tract through the(More)
Unilateral transection of the bulbar pyramid, performed before the ablation of the ipsilateral sensorimotor cortex, has been shown to facilitate the recovery of operantly conditioned reflexes and compensatory processes in rats. Such enhanced behavioral recovery was absent when only the sensorimotor cortex was ablated. This phenomenon is explained by the(More)
Sixteen adult male rats were initially trained to an instrumental conditioned reflex (ICR) and subjected to unilateral destruction of substantia nigra pars compacta. Part of the animals was injected with bacterial melanin solution on the next day of destruction. The other 8 rats served as the control group. Recovery rates for ICR and dynamics of paralyzed(More)
We examined the potential neuroprotective action of bacterial melanin (BM) in rats after unilateral destruction of Substantia Nigra pars compacta (SNc) dopaminergic neurons. 24 rats were initially trained to an instrumental conditioned reflex (ICR) and then subjected to unilateral electrolytic destruction of SNc. Unilateral deficit in balancing hindlimb(More)
Bacterial melanin, obtained from the mutant strain of Bacillus Thuringiensis, has been shown to promote recovery after central nervous system injury. It is hypothesized, in this study, that bacterial melanin can promote structural and functional recovery after peripheral nerve injury. Rats subjected to sciatic nerve transection were intramuscularly(More)
Studies on rats showed that the facilitating influence of preliminary transection of the rubrospinal tract on recovery of motor activity and operant reflexes disrupted by lesioning of the red nucleus was more apparent when lesioning was chemical than when lesioning was electrolytic. This is due to the survival of cerebellothalamic fibers to the(More)
Prior unilateral transection of the bulbar pyramid facilitated recovery of operant reflexes and compensatory processes occurring after removal of the ipsilateral sensorimotor cortex in rats. This increase in corticofugal plasticity was absent when only the sensorimotor cortex was removed. This phenomenon is explained by switching of descending influences to(More)