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BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori gastric colonization is known to be high in symptomatic subjects. However, only a few reports on the presence of H. pylori in the esophageal mucosa have been published. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of H. pylori in the esophagus of dyspeptic patients and its association with histopathology. METHODS The(More)
Terminalia macroptera Guill et Perr. (Combretaceae) is a medicinal plant used in Guinea-Bissau and other West African countries to treat infectious diseases. The ethanol extract from T. macroptera decorticated root and their liquid-liquid partition fractions, were screened for antimicrobial activity, by the twofold serial microdilution assay against seven(More)
The ethanolic extracts of twelve plants selected through ethnomedical survey in Guinea-Bissau were investigated for their in vitro antimicrobial properties over ten bacteria and Candida albicans, using agar diffusion and dilution methods. All the tested extracts showed some activity against at least one of the bacteria. Most of the extracts (79%) showed(More)
We used the agar dilution method to evaluate the antibacterial effect of Terminalia macroptera leaf (Tml) extract against nine reference and clinical Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains, including penicillin- and tetracycline-resistant and -susceptible strains. Tml possesses anti-N. gonorrhoeae activity against all of the strains and the minimum inhibitory(More)
This experimental work aimed to develop a simple, fast, economic, and environmentally friendly process for the extraction of lycopene from tomato and incorporate this lycopene-rich extract into ultradeformable vesicular nanocarriers suitable for topical application. Lycopene extraction was conducted without a cosolvent for 30 min. The extracts were analyzed(More)
Purpose. Terminalia macropteraroots are used in Guinea-Bissau and other West African countries to treat infectious diseases like gonorrhoea. Previous work showed an ethanol extract of T. macroptera roots (T) to have an in vitro antimicrobial profile against Neisseria gonorrhoae (including resistant strains) and enteropathogenic agents. The most active(More)
Maytenus heterophylla (Eckl & Zeyh.) Robson and Maytenus senegalensis (Lam). Exell are two African medicinal plants used to treat painful and inflammatory diseases. We evaluated the in vivo (per os) anti-inflammatory activity of M. heterophylla leaf, stem and root extracts and of M. senegalensis leaf and stem extracts. Additionally, we assessed their in(More)
The root of Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr. (Combretaceae) is widely used in African traditional medicine to treat various infectious diseases, including stomach-associated diseases. This study investigates the in vitro activity of T. macroptera root extract against reference strains and clinical isolates of H. pylori and attempts to localize the(More)
A new methoxylated naphthyl butenone, guieranone A (1), was isolated from the leaves of Guiera senegalensis. Its structure was elucidated as (2E)-1-(1,3,6,8-tetramethoxy-2-naphthyl)but-2-en-1-one, on the basis of spectroscopic data. Also isolated were two known naphthopyrones, 5-methyldihydroflavasperone (2) and 5-methylflavasperone (3). Guieranone (1)(More)
Guiera senegalensis J. F. Gmel. (Combretaceae) is one of the most important West African medicinal plants, often used to treat a variety of microbial infections. The most frequently used plant part is the leaf, its medicinal use being corroborated by several in vitro antimicrobial activity studies. However, quality criteria for pharmaceutical use, including(More)