Olga Sayanova

Learn More
We report the production of two very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic acid (AA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), in substantial quantities in a higher plant. This was achieved using genes encoding enzymes participating in the ω3/6 Δ8-desaturation biosynthetic pathways for the formation of C20 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Arabidopsis(More)
A Caenorhabditis elegans ORF encoding the presumptive condensing enzyme activity of a fatty acid elongase has been characterized functionally by heterologous expression in yeast. This ORF (F56H11. 4) shows low similarity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes involved in fatty acid elongation. The substrate specificity of the C. elegans enzyme indicated a(More)
It is now accepted that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5Delta5,8,11,14,17) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6Delta4,7,10,13,16,19) play important roles in a number of aspects of human health, with marine fish rich in these beneficial fatty acids our primary dietary source. However, over-fishing and concerns(More)
Fatty acid Delta(6)-desaturation, the first committed step in C(20) polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, is generally considered not to discriminate between n-3 and n-6 substrates. We previously identified higher plant species that showed preferential Delta(6)-desaturation of n-3 C(18) fatty acid substrates. A polymerase chain reaction-based approach(More)
We have engineered the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum to accumulate the high value omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). This was achieved by the generation of transgenic strains in which the Δ5-elongase from the picoalga Ostreococcus tauri was expressed to augment the endogenous fatty acid biosynthetic pathway.(More)
gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA; C18:3 delta(6,9,12)) is a component of the seed oils of evening primrose (Oenothera spp.), borage (Borago officinalis L.), and some other plants. It is widely used as a dietary supplement and for treatment of various medical conditions. GLA is synthesized by a delta6-fatty acid desaturase using linoleic acid (C18:2 delta(9,12)) as(More)
Analysis of a draft nuclear genome sequence of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana revealed the presence of 11 open reading frames showing significant similarity to functionally characterized fatty acid front-end desaturases. The corresponding genes occupy discrete chromosomal locations as determined by comparison with the recently published genome(More)
Unlike most other plant microsomal desaturases, the Delta6-fatty acid desaturase from borage (Borago officinalis) contains an N-terminal extension that shows homology to the small hemoprotein cytochrome (Cyt) b5. To determine if this domain serves as a functional electron donor for the Delta6-fatty acid desaturase, mutagenesis and functional analysis by(More)
A number of Saccharomyces cerevisiae membrane-bound oxidoreductases were examined for potential roles in microsomal fatty acid elongation, by assaying heterologous elongating activities in individual deletion mutants. One yeast gene, YBR159w, was identified as being required for activity of both the Caenorhabditis elegans elongase PEA1 (F56H11.4) and the(More)
Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are now known to play important roles in human health. In particular, eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5Delta(5,8,11,14,17); n-3: EPA) is implicated as a protective agent in a range of pathologies such as cardiovascular disease and Metabolic Syndrome (Syndrome X). Eicosapentaenoic acid is currently sourced from fish oils, the(More)