Olga S Fedorova

Learn More
A straightforward method for the preparation of no-carrier-added (n.c.a.) [18F]flumazenil via standard nucleophilic radiofluorination of the corresponding nitro-analog Ro 15-2344 has been developed. The labeling was performed by employing the K18F/kryptofix complex in DMF at 160 degrees C for 30 min and equimolar ratio [K/K2.2.2]+18F-/precursor. Under these(More)
X-ray analysis does not provide quantitative estimates of the relative importance of the molecular contacts it reveals or of the relative contributions of specific and nonspecific interactions to the total affinity of specific DNA to enzymes. Stepwise increase of DNA ligand complexity has been used to estimate the relative contributions of virtually every(More)
Formamidopyrimidine-DNA-glycosylase (Fpg protein, MutM) catalyses excision of 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) and other oxidatively damaged purines from DNA in a glycosylase/apurinic/apyrimidinic-lyase reaction. We report pre-steady-state kinetic analysis of Fpg action on oligonucleotide duplexes containing 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine, natural abasic site or(More)
Fpg protein (formamidopyrimidine or 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase) from E. coli catalyzes excision of several damaged purine bases, including 8-oxoguanine and 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-N-methylformamidopyrimidine from DNA. In this study the interaction of E. coli Fpg with various specific and nonspecific oligodeoxynucleotides was analyzed. Fpg was shown to(More)
Human 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase (hOgg1) excises 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) from damaged DNA. We report a pre-steady-state kinetic analysis of hOgg1 mechanism using stopped-flow and enzyme fluorescence monitoring. The kinetic scheme for hOgg1 processing an 8-oxoG:C-containing substrate was found to include at least three fast equilibrium steps(More)
Endonuclease VIII (Nei) from Escherichia coli is a DNA repair enzyme that removes a wide range of oxidized pyrimidine bases from DNA. As inferred from the crystal structures and biochemical studies, recognition of DNA lesions by Nei involves several conformational changes in both protein and DNA, such as DNA kinking, damaged base eversion into the enzyme's(More)
BACKGROUND Extensive structural studies of human DNA glycosylase hOGG1 have revealed essential conformational changes of the enzyme. However, at present there is little information about the time scale of the rearrangements of the protein structure as well as the dynamic behavior of individual amino acids. METHODS Using pre-steady-state kinetic analysis(More)
Human major apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease (APE1) is a multifunctional enzyme that plays a central role in DNA repair through the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Besides BER, APE1 is involved in an alternative nucleotide incision repair (NIR) pathway that bypasses glycosylases. We have analyzed the conformational dynamics and the kinetic mechanism(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonucleases play an important role in DNA repair and initiation of AP site elimination. One of the most topical problems in the field of DNA repair is to understand the mechanism of the enzymatic process involving the human enzyme APE1 that provides recognition of AP sites and efficient cleavage of the 5'-phosphodiester bond. In(More)
Human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1) is a key enzyme responsible for initiating the base excision repair of 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanosine (oxoG). In this study a thermodynamic analysis of the interaction of hOGG1 with specific and non-specific DNA-substrates is performed based on stopped-flow kinetic data. The standard Gibbs energies, enthalpies and(More)