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BACKGROUND Acquired aplastic anemia results from immune-mediated destruction of bone marrow. Immunosuppressive therapies are effective, but reduced numbers of residual stem cells may limit their efficacy. In patients with aplastic anemia that was refractory to immunosuppression, eltrombopag, a synthetic thrombopoietin-receptor agonist, led to clinically(More)
We recently reported that rabbit antithymocyte globulin was markedly inferior to horse antithymocyte globulin as a primary treatment for severe aplastic anemia. Here we expand on our findings in this unique cohort of patients. Rabbit antithymocyte globulin was detectable in plasma for longer periods than horse antithymocyte globulin; rabbit antithymocyte(More)
We review the literature concerning the initial presentation of neurosyphilis in status epilepticus (SE) and provide an additional case of a 41-year-old male with no past medical history of seizures who presented in status epilepticus with subsequent laboratory confirmation of neurosyphilis. Neurosyphilis should be considered in the differential diagnosis(More)
First-line therapy of severe aplastic anemia (SAA) with high-dose cyclophosphamide causes toxicity and increased short-term mortality. We investigated cyclophosphamide at a lower, more moderate dose in combination with aggressive supportive care to determine whether severe infections might be avoided and hematologic outcomes defined for this regimen. From(More)
The effectiveness of salvage therapy for aplastic anemia patients unresponsive to initial rabbit antithymocyte globulin (r-ATG) or cyclophosphamide is not known. We investigated the administration of standard horse ATG (h-ATG) plus cyclosporine (CsA) in patients who were refractory to initial r-ATG/CsA (n = 19) or cyclophosphamide/CsA (n = 6) (registered at(More)
In severe aplastic anemia, approximately one-third of responders to standard horse antithymocyte globulin (h-ATG) plus cyclosporine (CsA) will relapse. Anecdotal experience has suggested that a gradual CsA taper might avoid relapse, but this practice has not been rigorously assessed prospectively. In 2003, we adopted a strategy to taper CsA beyond 6 months,(More)
Aplastic anemia is an acquired bone marrow failure characterized by marrow hypoplasia, a paucity of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, and pancytopenia of the peripheral blood, due to immune attack on the bone marrow. In aplastic anemia, a major challenge is to develop immune biomarkers to monitor the disease. We measured circulating microRNAs in(More)
Background—T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia (T-LGL) is a lymphoproliferative disease presenting with immune-mediated cytopenias and characterized by clonal expansion of cytotoxic CD3 + CD8 + lymphocytes. Methotrexate, cyclosporine, or cyclophosphamide improve cytopenias in 50% of patients as first therapy, but the activity of an anti-CD52(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukaemia (T-LGL) is a lymphoproliferative disease that presents with immune-mediated cytopenias and is characterised by clonal expansion of cytotoxic CD3+ CD8+ lymphocytes. Use of methotrexate, ciclosporin, or cyclophosphamide as first therapy improves cytopenias in 50% of patients, but long-term use of these(More)