Olga M. Pulido

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We illustrate the specific cellular distribution of different subtypes of glutamate receptors (GluRs) in peripheral neural and non-neural tissues. Some of the noteworthy locations are the heart, kidney, lungs, ovary, testis and endocrine cells. In these tissues the GluRs may be important in mediating cardiorespiratory, endocrine and reproductive functions(More)
Domoic acid was identified as the toxin responsible for an outbreak of human poisoning that occurred in Canada in 1987 following consumption of contaminated blue mussels [Mytilus edulis]. The poisoning was characterized by a constellation of clinical symptoms and signs. Among the most prominent features described was memory impairment which led to the name(More)
Celiac disease is an immune-mediated disease, triggered in genetically susceptible individuals by ingested gluten from wheat, rye, barley, and other closely related cereal grains. The only treatment for celiac disease is a strict gluten-free diet for life. This paper presents a systematic review of the scientific literature on the safety of pure oats for(More)
The localization of the glutamate receptor outside of the central nervous system is becoming more evident. These receptors have been implicated in brain function and pathology. It can also be envisioned that they play a vital role in the physiology of other organs and systems. We recently reported the presence of ionotropic glutamate receptors in the rat(More)
Excitatory amino acids (EAAs) mediate their effects through the glutamate receptors (GluRs) in the brain. GluRs play an important role in the treatment of a variety of neuropsychiatric conditions and are central to the neurotoxicity of EAAs such as domoic and kainic acid. Unstained histological preparations of human heart tissues were used for the(More)
Tributyltin (TBT) is a biocide that contaminates foods, especially shellfish. TBT is an endocrine disrupter in several marine species and is neurotoxic and immunotoxic in mammals. We have examined the effects of exposure to low doses of tributyltin chloride (TBTC) from day 8 of gestation until adulthood. Pregnant rats were gavaged daily with 0, 0.025, 0.25(More)
Glutamate receptors (GluRs) are ubiquitously present in the central nervous system (CNS) as the major mediators of excitatory neurotransmission and excitotoxicity. Neural injury associated with trauma, stroke, epilepsy, and many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis may be(More)
In 1991, routine biotoxin monitoring of bivalve molluscs at aquaculture sites along the eastern shore of Nova Scotia, Canada revealed a group of novel seafood toxins called spirolides, whose origin was the dinoflagellate Alexandrium ostenfeldii. Result from this preliminary study in rodents demonstrates a highly toxic lethal response in rats and mice after(More)
OBJECTIVE Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet is the only treatment for coeliac disease. The gluten-free diet is complex, costly and impacts on all activities involving food, making it difficult to maintain for a lifetime. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the difficulties experienced, the strategies used and the emotional impact(More)
Male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed by gavage for 64 days with 0, 0.1 or 5 mg/kg/day domoic acid. Treated animals showed no clinical abnormalities. Terminal values in haematology and clinical chemistry did not reveal differences between treated and control groups. Findings in histopathology and immunohistochemistry were unremarkable. The 24-hr(More)