Olga Lyandres

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Recent developments have greatly improved the sensitivity of optical sensors based on metal nanoparticle arrays and single nanoparticles. We introduce the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensor and describe how its exquisite sensitivity to size, shape and environment can be harnessed to detect molecular binding events and changes in molecular(More)
BACKGROUND In this report, we detail our current work towards developing a surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) based sensor for in vivo glucose detection. Despite years of innovations in the development of blood glucose monitors, there remains a need for accurate continuous glucose sensors to provide care to rising numbers of diagnosed diabetes(More)
A rapid detection protocol suitable for use by first-responders to detect anthrax spores using a low-cost, battery-powered, portable Raman spectrometer has been developed. Bacillus subtilis spores, harmless simulants for Bacillus anthracis, were studied using surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) on silver film over nanosphere (AgFON) substrates.(More)
This paper presents the first in vivo application of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). SERS was used to obtain quantitative in vivo glucose measurements from an animal model. Silver film over nanosphere surfaces were functionalized with a two-component self-assembled monolayer, and subcutaneously implanted in a Sprague-Dawley rat such that the(More)
This research presents the achievement of significant milestones toward the development of a minimally invasive, continuously monitoring, glucose-sensing platform based on the optical quantitation of glucose in interstitial fluid. We expand our initial successes in the measurement of glucose by surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), demonstrating(More)
In this work, a detailed and systematic study of the plasmonic properties of a novel film over nanowell surface is investigated. These nanostructures are fabricated using nanosphere lithography and reactive ion etching and structurally characterized by AFM and SEM. The resulting structures show remarkably narrow plasmon bands in reflectance spectra (as(More)
Lactate production under anaerobic conditions is indicative of human performance levels, fatigue, and hydration. Elevated lactate levels result from several medical conditions including congestive heart failure, hypoxia, and diabetic ketoacidosis. Real-time detection of lactate can therefore be useful for monitoring these medical conditions, posttrauma(More)
A new, mixed decanethiol (DT)/mercaptohexanol (MH) partition layer with dramatically improved properties has been developed for glucose sensing by surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. This work represents significant progress toward our long-term goal of a minimally invasive, continuous, reusable glucose sensor. The DT/MH-functionalized surface has greater(More)
Due to their unique optoelectronic structure and large specific surface area, carbon nanomaterials have been integrated with titania to enhance photocatalysis. In particular, recent work has shown that nanocomposite photocatalytic performance can be improved by minimizing the covalent defect density of the carbon component. Herein, carbon nanotube-titania(More)
Inferences need to be drawn in biological systems using experimental multivariate data. The number of samples collected in many such experiments is small, and the data are noisy. We present and study the performance of a robust optimization (RO) model for such situations. We adapt this model to generate a minimum and a maximum estimation of analyte(More)