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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) accounts for 3% of adult deaths from cancer. The risk factors for its development are still under intense investigation. Although tobacco smoke is a risk factor, the data are inconsistent and the extent of the increased risk is unclear. Estimates from 19 case-control and 5 cohort studies were used. The case-control reports(More)
In several population-based studies in the past urine samples were collected and stored for future research. We set out to determine the reliability of using such samples for genotyping DNA markers in epidemiologic research. A source of DNA extracted from exfoliated nucleated cells in urine is provided by the DOM cohort, in which specimens were collected(More)
Variants in the metabolic genes NAT1, NAT2, GSTM1 or GSTT1, may cause differences in individual detoxifying capacity of possible carcinogens. We examined the cumulative effect of putative at risk genotypes on breast cancer risk and we examined the extent to which these polymorphisms modify the association between smoking and breast cancer. A case cohort(More)
The use of cytogenetic assays in the surveillance of populations occupationally exposed to genotoxic carcinogens originates from the assumption that chromosomal alterations might be causally involved in early stages of carcinogenesis. Historical cohort studies have since 1990s consistently reported an association between the level of chromosomal aberrations(More)
A high level of chromosomal aberrations in peripheral blood lymphocytes may be an early marker of cancer risk, but data on risk of specific cancers and types of chromosomal aberrations (chromosome type and chromatid type) are limited. A total of 6,430 healthy individuals from nine laboratories in Croatia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, and Slovakia, included(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Heterozygosity for the Cys282Tyr transition in the HFE-gene is associated with slightly increased iron levels and may therefore be a potential risk factor for colorectal cancer. METHODS We studied the relationship between Cys282Tyr-heterozygosity and colorectal cancer using a case-control design. The 240 colorectal cancer cases and 635(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between smoking and colorectal cancer risk and whether such effect is modified by variations in the NAT2 genotype is investigated. METHODS In the prospective DOM (Diagnostisch Onderzoek Mammacarcinoom; 27,722 women) cohort follow-up from 1976 until 1987 revealed 54 deaths due to colon or rectal cancer, and follow-up from 1987 to(More)
N-acetyltransferase (NAT) 1 and 2 and glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 and T1 are phase II enzymes that are important for activation and detoxification of carcinogenic heterocyclic and aromatic amines, as present in cigarette smoke. We studied whether genetic polymorphisms in these genes modifies the relationship between smoking and breast cancer. A(More)
BACKGROUND Three recent studies have reported a decreased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) for high ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure. METHODS We conducted a multicentre case-control study during 1998-2004 in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Spain, comprising 1518 cases of NHL, 268 cases of Hodgkin lymphoma, 242 cases of multiple myeloma and 2124(More)