Olga L Vlasova

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Imaging methods are used widely to understand structure of brain and other biological objects. However, sample penetration by light microscopy is limited due to light scattering by the tissue. A number of methods have been recently developed to solve this problem. In one approach (SeeDB) simple procedure for clarifying brain samples for imaging was(More)
Cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) are primarily affected in many spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA). In this study we investigated functional activity of PCs in transgenic mouse model of SCA2, a polyglutamine neurodegenerative hereditary disorder. In our studies we used extracellular single-unit recording method to compare spontaneous activity of PCs in(More)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is a disease of lost memories. Mushroom postsynaptic spines play a key role in memory storage, and loss of mushroom spines has been proposed to be linked to memory loss in AD. Generation of amyloidogenic peptides and accumulation of amyloid plaques is one of the pathological hallmarks of AD. It is important to evaluate effects of(More)
Huntington’s disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant inherited neurodegenerative disease resulting from expanded amino acid (CAG) repeat in the gene that encodes protein huntingtin (Htt). HD remains incurable for now. A lot of evidence implicates aberrant synaptic connection between cortical and striatal neurons, a key component of HD pathophysilogy, which(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that primarily compromises memory formation and storage. Several hypotheses regarding the pathogenesis of AD have been proposed; however, no cure is available to date. Here we describe the calcium hypothesis of AD, which is gaining popularity. We present data supporting this hypothesis and focus on a(More)
The activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells is studied as affected by CyPPA, a positive modulator of small-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels type 3 and 2 (SK3/SK2), and NS309, an activator of small- and intermediate-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (IK/SK), in male two-month-old laboratory mice. CyPPA decreases the simple spike(More)
Sulfatases are a family of enzymes (sulfuric ester hydrolases, EC 3.1.6.-) that catalyze the hydrolysis of a wide array of sulfate esters. To date, despite the discovery of many sulfatase genes and the accumulation of data on numerous sulfated molecules, the number of characterized enzymes that are key players in sulfur metabolism remains extremely limited.(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyQ expansion (>36 glutamine repeats) in Huntingtin (Htt) protein. It is believed that dysfunction of corticostriatal system is one of the main pathological events. Special attention is paid to synaptic dysfunction of transmission between cortical and(More)
The effect of CyPPA, a positive modulator of small conductance calcium-activated potassium channels of type 3 and 2 (SK3/SK2), and of NS309, an activator of intermediate and small conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (IK/SK), on the activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells was studied in 2-month-old male mice. The use of 1 mM of CyPPA has led to a(More)