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We recently showed that substrate contact sites in living fibroblasts are specifically targeted by microtubules (Kaverina, I., K. Rottner, and J.V. Small. 1998. J. Cell Biol. 142:181-190). Evidence is now provided that microtubule contact targeting plays a role in the modulation of substrate contact dynamics. The results are derived from spreading and(More)
Although cell movement is driven by actin, polarization and directional locomotion require an intact microtubule cytoskeleton that influences polarization by modulating substrate adhesion via specific targeting interactions with adhesion complexes. The fidelity of adhesion site targeting is precise; using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy(More)
Recent studies have shown that the targeting of substrate adhesions by microtubules promotes adhesion site disassembly (Kaverina, I., O. Krylyshkina, and J.V. Small. 1999. J. Cell Biol. 146:1033-1043). It was accordingly suggested that microtubules serve to convey a signal to adhesion sites to modulate their turnover. Because microtubule motors would be the(More)
It is now generally accepted that continuous neurogenesis occurs in the adult mammalian brain, including that of humans. Modulation of adult neurogenesis can provide therapeutic benefits for various brain disorders, including stroke and Parkinson's disease. The subventricular zone-olfactory bulb pathway is one of the preferred model systems by which to(More)
The polarisation and locomotion of fibroblasts requires an intact microtubule cytoskeleton [1]. This has been attributed to an influence of microtubule-mediated signals on actin cytoskeleton dynamics, either through the generation of active Rac to promote protrusion of lamellipodia [2], or through the modulation of substrate adhesion via microtubule(More)
The value of bioluminescence imaging (BLI) for experimental cancer models has become firmly established. We applied BLI to the GL261 glioma model in the context of dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy. Initial validation revealed robust linear correlations between in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro luciferase activity measurements. Ex vivo BLI demonstrated midline(More)
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is to a large degree controlled at the level of cell survival, and a number of potential mediators of this effect have been postulated. Here, we investigated the small heat shock protein Hspb8, which, because of its pleiotropic prosurvival effects in other systems, was considered a particularly promising candidate factor.(More)
The rat anterior pituitary expresses ␤ 2-adrenoceptors (ARs) on somatotrophs, lactotrophs, and corticotrophs. The present study investigates whether ␤ 1-ARs exist in the anterior pituitary , in which cell type(s) they are found, and whether they are regulated by glucocorticoids. As determined by quantitative RT-PCR and Western immunoblotting, the rat(More)
We studied the distribution of two actin-binding proteins, alpha-actinin and vinculin, in the oocytes and eggs of Xenopus laevis. These proteins are localized in the cortical area. A morphological connection of vinculin with the mirofilaments and plasma membrane was shown; the actin matrix in the egg was gold-labeled more intensely than in the oocyte. A(More)
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