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We recently showed that substrate contact sites in living fibroblasts are specifically targeted by microtubules (Kaverina, I., K. Rottner, and J.V. Small. 1998. J. Cell Biol. 142:181-190). Evidence is now provided that microtubule contact targeting plays a role in the modulation of substrate contact dynamics. The results are derived from spreading and(More)
Although cell movement is driven by actin, polarization and directional locomotion require an intact microtubule cytoskeleton that influences polarization by modulating substrate adhesion via specific targeting interactions with adhesion complexes. The fidelity of adhesion site targeting is precise; using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy(More)
The movement of a metazoan cell entails the regulated creation and turnover of adhesions with the surface on which it moves. Adhesion sites form as a result of signaling between the extracellular matrix on the outside and the actin cytoskeleton on the inside, and they are associated with specific assembles of actin filaments. Two broad categories of(More)
Recent studies have shown that the targeting of substrate adhesions by microtubules promotes adhesion site disassembly (Kaverina, I., O. Krylyshkina, and J.V. Small. 1999. J. Cell Biol. 146:1033-1043). It was accordingly suggested that microtubules serve to convey a signal to adhesion sites to modulate their turnover. Because microtubule motors would be the(More)
Cell motility is driven by the sum of asymmetric traction forces exerted on the substrate through adhesion foci that interface with the actin cytoskeleton. Establishment of this asymmetry involves microtubules, which exert a destabilising effect on adhesion foci via targeting events. Here, we demonstrate the existence of a mechano-sensing mechanism that(More)
Cell crawling entails the co-ordinated creation and turnover of substrate contact sites that interface with the actin cytoskeleton. The initiation and maturation of contact sites involves signalling via the Rho family of small G proteins, whereas their turnover is under the additional influence of the microtubule cytoskeleton. By exerting relaxing effects(More)
The polarisation and locomotion of fibroblasts requires an intact microtubule cytoskeleton [1]. This has been attributed to an influence of microtubule-mediated signals on actin cytoskeleton dynamics, either through the generation of active Rac to promote protrusion of lamellipodia [2], or through the modulation of substrate adhesion via microtubule(More)
The value of bioluminescence imaging (BLI) for experimental cancer models has become firmly established. We applied BLI to the GL261 glioma model in the context of dendritic cell (DC) immunotherapy. Initial validation revealed robust linear correlations between in vivo, ex vivo and in vitro luciferase activity measurements. Ex vivo BLI demonstrated midline(More)
We studied the distribution of two actin-binding proteins, alpha-actinin and vinculin, in the oocytes and eggs of Xenopus laevis. These proteins are localized in the cortical area. A morphological connection of vinculin with the mirofilaments and plasma membrane was shown; the actin matrix in the egg was gold-labeled more intensely than in the oocyte. A(More)
We recently showed that substrate contact sites in living fibroblasts are specifically targeted by mi-Evidence is now provided that microtubule contact targeting plays a role in the modulation of substrate contact dynamics. The results are derived from spreading and polarized goldfish fibroblasts in which microtubules and contact sites were simultaneously(More)
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