Olga Gealekman

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Zucker diabetic fat (ZDF) rats with the metabolic syndrome and hyperlipidemia develop focal and segmental sclerosis. The role of oxidative and nitrosative stress in the nephropathy in ZDF was studied. Renal histology, function, and immunohistologic and biochemical parameters of oxidative and nitrosative stress were evaluated at 8 and 22 wk of age in ZDF and(More)
The generation of PGs from arachidonic acid is mediated by cyclooxygenase (COX), which consists of a constitutive (COX-1) and an inducible (COX-2) isoform. The present study evaluated the relative expression and immunoreactive levels of COX-1 and COX-2, by means of RT-PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunohistochemistry, in the renal cortex and medulla of(More)
We previously demonstrated that endothelial cells are severely damaged during renal ischemia-reperfusion and that transplantation of adult human endothelial cells into athymic nude rats subjected to renal ischemia resulted in a dramatic protection of the kidney against injury and dysfunction. Morphological studies demonstrated the engraftment of(More)
Although the accelerated atherosclerosis and premature aging of the cardiovascular system in patients with metabolic syndrome have been appreciated, the mechanisms of their development and potential therapeutic interventions remain unresolved. Our previous studies implicated advanced glycosylation end products in development of premature senescence(More)
BACKGROUND Progression of nephropathy in metabolic syndrome is associated with microvasculopathy and vascular dropout. METHODS Eight- and 22-week-old Zucker diabetic fat (ZDF) and Zucker lean (ZL) rats were studied to characterize the progression of nephropathy, and to test the effect of a peroxynitrite scavenger, Ebselen, on renal microvasculature and(More)
Endothelial cells subjected to glycated collagen I develop premature senescence within 3-5 days, as revealed by increased senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity, decreased proliferation, and an increase in cell size. Here, we analyzed the time course and possible mechanisms of this process. Lysosomal integrity studies revealed a rapid collapse of(More)
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