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Sleep affects learning and development in humans and other animals, but the role of sleep in developmental learning has never been examined. Here we show the effects of night-sleep on song development in the zebra finch by recording and analysing the entire song ontogeny. During periods of rapid learning we observed a pronounced deterioration in song(More)
Monocular (ME) and binocular enucleation has become a useful experimental tool for analyzing the mechanisms of neural plasticity. ME when performed during an early postnatal period (up to 15 days after birth) initiates a series of adaptive reactions in the visual (and other sensory) system(s) which tend to compensate for the lost sensory capacity.(More)
Culture is typically viewed as consisting of traits inherited epigenetically, through social learning. However, cultural diversity has species-typical constraints, presumably of genetic origin. A celebrated, if contentious, example is whether a universal grammar constrains syntactic diversity in human languages. Oscine songbirds exhibit song learning and(More)
In associative learning, the activated neurones undergo a variety of concomitant functional alterations--increases or decreases of firing activity and modifications of membrane potential or resistance and of synaptic responsiveness. Synaptic transmission which can be strengthened only when there is paired activity in two pathways is of particular interest(More)
The cortices of neonatally enucleated rats were explored for somatosensory responses with special reference to an extension into the occipital cortex. Monocular enucleation was performed on rats at birth. The animals were raised and from the age of three months the activity evoked by either electric stimulation of the vibrissa pad or bending of the(More)
The effects of Pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) on the metacerebral giant cell (MCC) of the snail, Helix pomatia were studied. Actions on membrane resistance, time constant, resting and action potentials, outward and inward ionic currents were examined. Superfusion with PTZ in concentrations of 25 to 50 mmol/l, induced a gradually evolving convulsive state, which(More)
Interactions of acoustic and somatosensory evoked potentials were studied in the anterior suprasylvian gyrus of the cat. Two kinds of interaction could be observed: occlusion or facilitation. In most cases occlusion was observed. The interactions showed dynamic changes and were susceptible to different kinds of influences. After having determined the(More)
Afferents to the anterior suprasylvian gyrus (ASG) from the medial geniculate body of cat were demonstrated by means of autoradiography. [3H]Glycine was injected stereotactically into the medial division of the medial geniculate body (mMGB). After a 3-day survival period, the auditory cortices and the ASG were excised. Labelled terminals were found in the(More)
The superior cervical ganglion (SCG) of adult rats was exposed to GABA, either by long lasting microapplication (implantation of glass bulbs for 1-24 days) or in short term experiments (external application up to 6 h). Autoradiography showed that [3H] GABA accumulated selectively in satellite cells. The GABA produced the following effects: (1) Specialized(More)