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Parallel-stranded (ps) DNAs with mixed AT/GC content comprising G.C pairs in a varying sequence context have been investigated. Oligonucleotides were devised consisting of two 10-nt strands complementary either in a parallel or in an antiparallel orientation and joined via nonnucleotide linkers so as to form 10-bp ps or aps hairpins. A predominance of(More)
The ability of oligonucleotides 3'-d(GT)5pO(CH2)6Opd(GT)5-5' (anti[d(GT)]) and 3'-d(GT)5pO(CH2)6Opd(GT)5-3' (par[par[d(GT)]) to form tertiary structures has been studied. Circular dichroism (CD) as well as the fluorescence of the ethidium bromide (EtBr) complexes with oligonucleotides and hydrodynamic volume measurements in solutions containing 0.01 M(More)
Oligonucleotide-directed triplex formation attracts much attention due to its potential usefulness in diagnostic and biotechnological applications. Among other aspects, the research embraces numerous studies probing the influence of intercalating ligands on triplex stability. The effect of the intercalator on triplex formation and stability is known to(More)
Quinones caused quenching of Chl a fluorescence in native and model systems. Menadione quenched twofold the fluorescence of Chl a and BChl a in pea chloroplasts, chromatophores of purple bacteria, and liposomes at concentrations of 50-80 microM. To obtain twofold quenching in Triton X-100 micelles and in ethanol, the addition of 1.3 mM and 11 mM menadione(More)
Oligonucleotides 3'-d(GTGTGTGTGG)-L-d(GGTGTGTGTG)-3' (hp-GT) and 3'-d(G4STG4TG4STG4STGG)-L-d(GGTGTGTGTG)-3' (hp-SGT), (L=(CH2CH2O)3), were shown by use of several optical techniques to form a novel parallel-stranded (ps) intramolecular double helix with purine-purine and pyrimidine-pyrimidine base pairing. The rotational relaxation time of hp-GT was similar(More)
Oligonucleotides 3'-d(GT)(5)-(CH(2)CH(2)O)(3)-d(GT)(5)-3' (parGT), containing GT repeats present in the telomeric DNA from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, had been demonstrated to form bimolecular structure, GT-quadruplex (qGT) [O. F. Borisova et al. FEBS Letters 306, 140-142 (1992)]. Four d(GT)(5) strands of the GT-quadruplex are parallel and form five(More)
Oligonucleotides with mixed alpha,beta-anomeric backbone have been proposed recently for the recognition of random DNA sequence via new triplex motif (Doronina and Behr, Chem. Soc. Reviews 26, 63-71 (1997)). In the present work we examined alpha- and beta- anomers of cytidine as possible candidates to recognize AT and TA base pairs of the double stranded(More)
The ability of oligonucleotides 3'-d(GT)5pO(CH2)5Opd(GT)5-5' (anti[d(GT)]) and 3'-d(GT)5pO(CH2)6Opd(GT)5-3' (par[d(GT)]) to form hairpins and higher associates is studied. Optical methods of thermal denaturation and circular dichroism as well as the fluorescence of ethidium bromide and acridine orange bound to oligonucleotides were used. At room(More)
A series of DNA aptamers bearing triazole internucleotide linkages that bind to thrombin was synthesized. The novel aptamers are structurally analogous to the well-known thrombin-inhibiting G-quadruplexes TBA15 and TBA31. The secondary structure stability, binding affinity for thrombin and anticoagulant effects of the triazole-modified aptamers were(More)
The parallel (recombination) 'R-triplex' can accommodate any nucleotide sequence with the two identical DNA strands in parallel orientation. We have studied oligonucleotides able to fold back into such a recombination-like structure. We show that the fluorescent base analogs 2-aminopurine (2AP) and 6-methylisoxanthopterin (6MI) can be used as structural(More)