Olga D. Lopina

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Na,K-ATPase is highly sensitive to changes in the redox state, and yet the mechanisms of its redox sensitivity remain unclear. We have explored the possible involvement of S-glutathionylation of the catalytic α subunit in redox-induced responses. For the first time, the presence of S-glutathionylated cysteine residues was shown in the α subunit in duck salt(More)
The decrease in the oxygen content of tissues, which is observed in a number of pathological processes, inevitably leads to damage. One of the main causes of cell damage and death in hypoxia is the failure of the systems that maintain the ionic balance. Na,K-ATPase is the main ion-transporting protein in the plasma membrane of animal cells, and its(More)
Previously, we reported that ouabain and other cardiotonic steroids (CTS) kill renal epithelial and vascular endothelial cells via their interaction with the Na+,K+-ATPase alpha-subunit, but independently of elevation of the [Na+]i/[K+]i ratio. In distinct cell types, side-by-side with inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase-mediated ion fluxes, CTS trigger [Ca2+]i(More)
Active transport of sodium and potassium ions by Na,K-ATPase is accompanied by the enzyme conformational transition between E1 and E2 states. ATP and ADP bind to Na,K-ATPase in the E1 conformation with similar affinity but the properties of enzyme in complexes with these nucleotides are different. We have studied thermodynamics of Na,K-ATPase binding with(More)
Structural organization of alpha- and beta-subunits of Na+,K+-ATPase in the membrane, the enzyme oligomeric structure, and mechanisms of ATP hydrolysis and cation transport are considered. The data on the structure of cation-binding sites and ion-conductive pathways of the pump are reviewed. The properties of isoforms of both subunits are described. Special(More)
Some mechanisms of regulation of Na,K-ATPase activity in various tissues including the phosphorylation of the catalytic subunit of the enzyme by different protein kinases (PKA, PKC, and tyrosine kinase) and the interaction of the alpha-subunit with different proteins (Na,K-ATPase beta- and gamma-subunits, ankyrin, phosphoinositide-3 kinase, and AP-2(More)
Recently, we reported that ouabain kills renal epithelial and vascular endothelial cells independently of elevation of the [Na(+)](i)/[K(+)](i) ratio. These observations raised the possibility of finding cardiotonic steroids (CTS) that inhibit the Na(+),K(+) pump without attenuating cell survival and vice versa. To test this hypothesis, we compared CTS(More)
Ca,phospholipid-dependent (PKC) and cAMP-dependent (PKA) protein kinases phosphorylate the alpha-subunit of the Na,K-ATPase from duck salt gland with the incorporation of 0.3 and 0.5 mol 32P/mol of alpha-subunit, respectively. PKA (in contrast to PKC) phosphorylates the alpha-subunit only in the presence of detergents. Limited tryptic digestion of the(More)
Addition of an amphipathic bee venom peptide, melittin, to sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles isolated from rabbit skeletal muscles resulted in a fast (<1 min) blue shift in the fluorescence maximum of the melittin--SR membrane complex. Over the following 45 min the position of the fluorescence maximum did not change, but the fluorescence intensity of the(More)
Treatment with ouabain led to massive death of principal cells from collecting ducts (C7-MDCK), indicated by cell swelling, loss of mitochondrial function, an irregular pattern of DNA degradation, and insensitivity to pan-caspase inhibitor. Equimolar substitution of extracellular Na(+) by K(+) or choline(+) sharply attenuated the effect of ouabain on(More)