Olga Ch Kousidou

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Growth and invasiveness of breast cancer cells in adjacent and distant sites is associated with the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs), which are capable of degrading almost all extracellular matrix macromolecules of supporting stroma. In order to identify markers useful for monitoring breast cancer pathogenesis and metastatic potential, we examined(More)
Progression of breast cancer implicates the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) by metallo-proteinases (MMPs), a process with important consequences on the growth and invasiveness of cancer cells in adjacent and distant sites. The isoflavone, genistein--a natural inhibitor of protein tyrosine kinase pathway--inhibits the growth of a wide range of(More)
Critical steps for cancer cell growth, migration, invasion, and metastasis are the interactions of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules with cells, the disconnection of intercellular adhesion, and the degradation of ECM. The latter is mediated mainly by metalloproteinases (MMPs), the expression and activation of which is related to various tyrosine kinase(More)
Estrogens are related with the growth and development of target tissues and play a critical role in breast cancer progression. The effects of estrogens are mediated by the estrogen receptors ERalpha and ERbeta, which are members of the nuclear steroid receptor superfamily. To date, it is not known how these hormones elicit many of their effects on(More)
Genistein is a well known protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor. It is structurally similar to 17beta-estradiol and exerts antiestrogenic effects. It also affects the signal transduction components Akt, FAK, ErbB-2 and Bcl-2. Key enzymes implicated in cancer invasion are also affected by genistein. A critical evaluation of the effects of genistein on breast(More)
Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH or GnRH) is not only produced by hypothalamus, but also by other normal and cancer tissues. GnRH peptide agonists and antagonists inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells, but their effect on the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) has not been studied despite the(More)
A series of novel aminosubstituted xantheno[1,2-d]imidazole derivatives have been designed and synthesized and their antiproliferative activity has been evaluated against human breast MDA-MB-231 cell line. Among the tested compounds those bearing two basic side chains at 2- and 5-positions exhibited a strong dose-dependent antiproliferative activity.(More)
Some new 2,6-disubstituted pyrano- and 1,2-dihydropyrano[2,3-c]xanthen-7-ones have been synthesized and their antiproliferative activity has been evaluated against MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. The antiproliferative activity evaluation of the compounds provided evidence that a dimethylamino substituted side chain and the presence of 1,2 double bond play a(More)
Bone metastases commonly occur in the course of malignant tumor disease. For many years, attempts have been made to identify factors for the management of cancer-induced skeletal complications. Nowadays, synthetic antiresorptive agents are considered to be indispensable for the treatment of cancer-related skeletal events, such as bone metastasis. The most(More)
Derivatives of two novel, structurally related heterocyclic ring systems, xantheno[3,4-d]imidazole and chromeno[4,3,2-c,d]imidazo[4,5-f]indazole, bearing aminoalkyl side chains, have been synthesized, and their antiproliferative activity has been studied against the aggressive human breast MDA-MB-231 cell line. The pyrazole-fused analogue 27a possesses a(More)
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