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Generation of the polyadenylated 3' end of an mRNA requires an endonucleolytic cleavage followed by synthesis of the poly(A) tail. Despite the seeming simplicity of the reaction, more than a dozen polypeptides are required, and nearly all appear to be necessary for the cleavage reaction. Because of this complexity, the identity of the endonuclease has(More)
Tight connections exist between transcription and subsequent processing of mRNA precursors, and interactions between the transcription and polyadenylation machineries seem especially extensive. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen to identify factors that interact with the polyadenylation factor CstF-64, we uncovered an interaction with the transcriptional(More)
Gcd10p and Gcd14p were first identified genetically as repressors of GCN4 mRNA translation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Recent findings indicate that Gcd10p and Gcd14p reside in a nuclear complex required for the presence of 1-methyladenosine in tRNAs. Here we show that Gcd14p is an essential protein with predicted binding motifs for S-adenosylmethionine,(More)
The 25-amino-acid leader peptide present at the 5′ end of yeast CPA1 mRNA is responsible for the translational repression of that gene by arginine. We show here that the active domain of the yeast peptide is highly specific and extends over amino acids 6–23. The region between amino acids 6–21 is well conserved between similar peptides present upstream of(More)
Transcription and processing of mRNA precursors are coordinated events that require numerous complex interactions to ensure that they are successfully executed. We described previously an unexpected association between a transcription factor, PC4 (or Sub1 in yeast), and an mRNA polyadenylation factor, CstF-64 (Rna15 in yeast), and provided evidence that(More)
The transcriptional coactivator Sub1 has been implicated in several steps of mRNA metabolism in yeast, such as the activation of transcription, termination, and 3'-end formation. In addition, Sub1 globally regulates RNA polymerase II phosphorylation, and most recently it has been shown that it is a functional component of the preinitiation complex. Here we(More)
One of the more unexpected discoveries in the field of gene expression during the last few years has been the degree to which transcription of mRNA precursors is coupled to their subsequent processing into mature mRNAs. Much of this linkage involves the transcribing enzyme itself, RNA polymerase II (RNAP II), and specifically the repetitive C-terminal(More)
The transcriptional coactivator Sub1 has been implicated in several aspects of mRNA metabolism in yeast, such as activation of transcription, termination, and 3'-end formation. Here, we present evidence that Sub1 plays a significant role in controlling phosphorylation of the RNA polymerase II large subunit C-terminal domain (CTD). We show that SUB1(More)
Biogenesis of messenger RNA is critically influenced by the phosphorylation state of the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) in the largest RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) subunit. Several kinases and phosphatases are required to maintain proper CTD phosphorylation levels and, additionally, several other proteins modulate them, including Rpb4/7 and Sub1. The Rpb4/7(More)
The Rpb4 and Rpb7 subunits of eukaryotic RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) participate in a variety of processes from transcription, DNA repair, mRNA export and decay, to translation regulation and stress response. However, their mechanism(s) of action remains unclear. Here, we show that the Rpb4/7 heterodimer in Saccharomyces cerevisiae plays a key role in(More)