Olga Calero

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Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) represent two distinct clinical entities belonging to a wider group, generically named as conformational disorders that share common pathophysiologic mechanisms. It is well-established that the APOE ε4 allele and homozygosity at polymorphic codon 129 in the PRNP gene are the major genetic risk(More)
Familial Alzheimer's disease (AD), mostly associated with early onset, is caused by mutations in three genes (APP, PSEN1, and PSEN2) involved in the production of the amyloid β peptide. In contrast, the molecular mechanisms that trigger the most common late onset sporadic AD remain largely unknown. With the implementation of an increasing number of(More)
The Shoc2 protein has been implicated in the positive regulation of the Ras-ERK pathway by increasing the functional binding interaction between Ras and Raf, leading to increased ERK activity. Here we found that Shoc2 overexpression induced sustained ERK phosphorylation, notably in the case of EGF stimulation, and Shoc2 knockdown inhibited ERK activation.(More)
We performed a genome-wide association (GWA) study in 434 sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) patients and 1939 controls from the United Kingdom, Germany and The Netherlands. The findings were replicated in an independent sample of 1109 sCJD and 2264 controls provided by a multinational consortium. From the initial GWA analysis we selected 23 SNPs for(More)
Genetic human prion diseases are autosomal dominant disorders associated with different mutations in the PRNP gene that are manifested as distinct clinical phenotypes. Here, we report a new pathogenic missense mutation (c.[643A>G], p.[I215V]) in the PRNP gene associated with three pathologically confirmed cases: two of Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) and(More)
The complete molecular characterization of human genetic prion diseases from different backgrounds is important for clinical diagnosis and epidemiological classification. The characterization of the PRNP gene should always include the description of the pathogenic mutation, as well as the status at each allele of the polymorphic codon 129 (M129V), a(More)
Perturbations of calcium homeostasis have been associated with several neurodegenerative disorders. A common polymorphism (rs2986017) in the CALHM1 gene, coding for a regulator of calcium homeostasis, is a genetic risk factor for the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). Although some authors failed to confirm these results, a meta-analysis has shown that(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based methods coupled to reverse phase chromatography separation are a useful technology to analyze complex peptide pools that are comprised of different peptides with unrelated sequences. In antigen presentation, proteasomes generate a set of short peptides that are closely related and overlapping and in some instances may even have(More)
The apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) polymorphism genotyping has an allegedly important predictive value for coronary heart disorders and Alzheimer's disease. We developed a simple, fast, cost-effective and suited for high-throughput protocol for determining APOE genotypes by Real Time PCR monitored by SYBR Green. The method is based on differential(More)
BACKGROUND Sutherland et al. (2011) suggested that, instead of risk factors for single neurodegenerative disorders (NDDs), there was a need to identify specific "drivers", i.e., risk factors with impact on specific deposits, such as amyloid-β, tau, or α-synuclein, acting across entities. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS Redefining drivers as "neither protein/gene-(More)