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The mechanism by which carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) causes enhancement of hepatic metastasis from colorectal cancer is not defined. We hypothesize that binding of CEA to an 80-kDa Kupffer cell receptor by the peptide sequence Pro-Glu-Leu-Pro-Lys (PELPK) induces cytokine production in the hepatic microenvironment, which then impacts on the formation of(More)
Here we report the isolation of the recombinant cDNA clone from rat macrophages, Kupffer cells (KC) that encodes a protein interacting with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). To isolate and identify the CEA receptor gene we used two approaches: screening of a KC cDNA library with a specific antibody and the yeast two-hybrid system for protein interaction using(More)
Certain forms of the heavy metals arsenic and chromium are considered human carcinogens, although they are believed to act through very different mechanisms. Chromium(VI) is believed to act as a classic and mutagenic agent, and DNA/chromatin appears to be the principal target for its effects. In contrast, arsenic(III) is considered nongenotoxic, but is able(More)
This article discusses the role of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) as a facilitator of the inflammatory response and its effect on colorectal cancer hepatic metastasis. Colorectal cancer accounts for 11% of all cancers in the United States and the majority of deaths are associated with liver metastasis. If left untreated, median survival is only six to 12(More)
Elevated concentrations of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in the blood are associated with the development of hepatic metastases from colorectal cancers. Clearance of circulating CEA occurs through endocytosis by liver macrophages, Kupffer cells. Previously we identified heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins M4 (hnRNP M4) as a receptor (CEAR) for CEA.(More)
Oncomarkers play important roles in the detection and management of human malignancies. Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA, CEACAM5) and epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) are considered as independent tumor markers in monitoring metastatic colorectal cancer. They are both expressed by cancer cells and can be detected in the blood serum. We investigated the effect(More)
The liver is the most common site for metastasis by colorectal cancer, and numerous studies have shown a relationship between serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels and metastasis to this site. CEA activates hepatic macrophages or Kupffer cells via binding to the CEA receptor (CEA-R), which results in the production of cytokines and the up-regulation(More)
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) has been shown to participate in the progression and metastatic growth of colorectal cancer. However, its biological function remains elusive. Recently, we found that CEA protects colon cancer cells from undergoing apoptosis, suggesting a complex role that includes signal transduction activity. Additionally, it was reported(More)
Alpha-actinin 4 (ACTN4) is an actin-binding protein. In the cytoplasm, ACTN4 participates in structural organisation of the cytoskeleton via cross-linking of actin filaments. Nuclear localisation of ACTN4 has also been reported, but no clear role in the nucleus has been established. In this report, we describe the identification of proteins associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial endotoxins are the principal agents causing sepsis and septic shock. Cytokine cascades produced by cellular interactions to endotoxins can cause cardiovascular failure followed by multi-organ failure and death. Endotoxin intravenously administered to mice can have fatal consequences. Previous studies have shown that the transition(More)