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Autophagy is a highly regulated self-degradative mechanism required at a basal level for intracellular clearance and recycling of cytoplasmic contents. Upon intracellular pathogen invasion, autophagy can be induced as an innate immune mechanism to control infection. Nevertheless, pathogens have developed strategies to avoid or hijack autophagy for their own(More)
Despite CD40's role in stimulating dendritic cells (DCs) for efficient specific T-cell stimulation, its signal transduction components in DCs are still poorly documented. We show that CD40 receptors on human monocyte-derived DCs associate with sphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains, termed membrane rafts. Following engagement, CD40(More)
The widely expressed transmembrane molecule CD46 is the complement regulatory receptor for C3b as well as the receptor for several pathogens. Beside its binding functions, CD46 is also able to transduce signals. We showed that CD46 aggregation on human T cells induces p120CBL and linker for activation of T cells (LAT) phosphorylation. These two proteins are(More)
Measles virus (MV) infection induces a profound immunosuppression responsible for a high rate of mortality in malnourished children. MV can encounter human dendritic cells (DCs) in the respiratory mucosa or in the secondary lymphoid organs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the consequences of DC infection by MV, particularly concerning their(More)
IL-17A is a T cell-specific cytokine that is involved in chronic inflammations, such as Mycobacterium infection, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Mouse models have explained the molecular basis of IL-17A production and have shown that IL-17A has a positive effect not only on granuloma formation and neurodegeneration through(More)
Autophagy is a conserved degradative pathway used as a host defense mechanism against intracellular pathogens. However, several viruses can evade or subvert autophagy to insure their own replication. Nevertheless, the molecular details of viral interaction with autophagy remain largely unknown. We have determined the ability of 83 proteins of several(More)
Mortality from measles virus (MV) infection is caused mostly by secondary infections associated with a pronounced immunosuppression. Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a major target of MV and could be involved in immunosuppression. In this study, human monocyte-derived DCs were used to demonstrate that DC apoptosis in MV-infected DC-T-cell cocultures is Fas(More)
Measles virus infection induces a profound immunosuppression that can lead to serious secondary infections. Here we demonstrate that measles virus induces tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) mRNA and protein expression in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Moreover, measles virus-infected dendritic cells are shown to be(More)
In addition to their essential role in adaptive immunity, dendritic cells (DCs) participate in innate immunity. In the context of measles virus (MV) or cytomegalovirus infections, they develop cytotoxic functions that may contribute in vivo to the elimination of virus-infected cells, but that also kill infected and noninfected T lymphocytes. Because the(More)
Xenophagy, an essential anti-microbial cell-autonomous mechanism, relies on the ability of the autophagic process to selectively entrap intracellular pathogens within autophagosomes to degrade them in autolysosomes. This selective targeting is carried out by specialized autophagy receptors, such as NDP52, but it is unknown whether the fusion of(More)