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IL-17A is a T cell-specific cytokine that is involved in chronic inflammations, such as Mycobacterium infection, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Mouse models have explained the molecular basis of IL-17A production and have shown that IL-17A has a positive effect not only on granuloma formation and neurodegeneration through(More)
Measles virus (MV) infection induces a profound immunosuppression responsible for a high rate of mortality in malnourished children. MV can encounter human dendritic cells (DCs) in the respiratory mucosa or in the secondary lymphoid organs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the consequences of DC infection by MV, particularly concerning their(More)
Autophagy is a highly regulated self-degradative mechanism required at a basal level for intracellular clearance and recycling of cytoplasmic contents. Upon intracellular pathogen invasion, autophagy can be induced as an innate immune mechanism to control infection. Nevertheless, pathogens have developed strategies to avoid or hijack autophagy for their own(More)
The widely expressed transmembrane molecule CD46 is the complement regulatory receptor for C3b as well as the receptor for several pathogens. Beside its binding functions, CD46 is also able to transduce signals. We showed that CD46 aggregation on human T cells induces p120CBL and linker for activation of T cells (LAT) phosphorylation. These two proteins are(More)
Despite CD40's role in stimulating dendritic cells (DCs) for efficient specific T-cell stimulation, its signal transduction components in DCs are still poorly documented. We show that CD40 receptors on human monocyte-derived DCs associate with sphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains, termed membrane rafts. Following engagement, CD40(More)
During acute measles virus (MV) infection, an efficient immune response occurs, followed by a transient but profound immunosuppression. MV nucleoprotein (MV-N) has been reported to induce both cellular and humoral immune responses and paradoxically to account for immunosuppression. Thus far, this latter activity has been attributed to MV-N binding to human(More)
Measle virus (MV) infection induces a transient but profound immunosuppression characterized by a panlymphopenia which occasionally results in opportunistic infections responsible for a high rate of mortality in malnourished children. MV can encounter human dendritic cells (DC) in the respiratory mucosa or in the secondary lymphoid organs. After a brief(More)
The main function of dendritic cells (DCs) is to induce adaptive immune response through Ag presentation and specific T lymphocyte activation. However, IFN-alpha- or IFN-gamma-stimulated CD11c+ blood DCs and IFN-beta-stimulated monocyte-derived DCs were recently reported to express functional TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), suggesting that(More)
Xenophagy, an essential anti-microbial cell-autonomous mechanism, relies on the ability of the autophagic process to selectively entrap intracellular pathogens within autophagosomes to degrade them in autolysosomes. This selective targeting is carried out by specialized autophagy receptors, such as NDP52, but it is unknown whether the fusion of(More)
Mortality from measles virus (MV) infection is caused mostly by secondary infections associated with a pronounced immunosuppression. Dendritic cells (DCs) represent a major target of MV and could be involved in immunosuppression. In this study, human monocyte-derived DCs were used to demonstrate that DC apoptosis in MV-infected DC-T-cell cocultures is Fas(More)