Olga Azocar

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Autophagy is a conserved degradative pathway used as a host defense mechanism against intracellular pathogens. However, several viruses can evade or subvert autophagy to insure their own replication. Nevertheless, the molecular details of viral interaction with autophagy remain largely unknown. We have determined the ability of 83 proteins of several(More)
The interplay between autophagy and intracellular pathogens is intricate as autophagy is an essential cellular response to fight against infections, whereas numerous microbes have developed strategies to escape this process or even exploit it to their own benefit. The fine tuned timing and/or selective molecular pathways involved in the induction of(More)
The main function of dendritic cells (DCs) is to induce adaptive immune response through Ag presentation and specific T lymphocyte activation. However, IFN-alpha- or IFN-gamma-stimulated CD11c+ blood DCs and IFN-beta-stimulated monocyte-derived DCs were recently reported to express functional TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), suggesting that(More)
Measles virus (MV) infection causes acute childhood disease, associated in certain cases with infection of the central nervous system (CNS) and development of neurological disease. To develop a murine model of MV-induced pathology, we generated several lines of transgenic mice ubiquitously expressing as the MV receptor a human CD46 molecule with either a(More)
Measles virus infection induces a profound immunosuppression that may lead to serious secondary infections and mortality. In this report, we show that the human cortical thymic epithelial cell line is highly susceptible to measles virus infection in vitro, resulting in infectious viral particle production and syncytium formation. Measles virus inhibits(More)
Analysis of measles virus (MV) pathogenesis requires the development of an adequate small animal model of MV infection. In this study, permissivity to MV infection was compared in human and transgenic murine T lymphocytes, expressing different levels of the human MV receptor, CD46. Whereas MV binding and entry correlated with CD46 expression, higher levels(More)
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