Olga A. Agapova

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Glaucomatous optic neuropathy is a common blinding disease characterized by remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and loss of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons at the level of the optic nerve head (ONH). Astrocytes, the major cell type in ONH, may participate in this process by production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors(More)
Recent advances in cDNA microarray technology have made it possible to analyze expression of several thousand genes at the same time. Using this technique, gene expression in human astrocytes cultured from glaucomatous and normal optic nerve heads (ONH) was compared. One hundred-fifty genes were differentially expressed more than 5-fold in glaucomatous cell(More)
The small heat shock proteins (sHSP), alpha B-crystallin and Hsp27 are chaperone molecules that maintain the integrity of intermediate filament (IF) network and prevent unfolding of cellular proteins induced by stress. In the optic nerve head (ONH) of eyes with glaucoma, reactive astrocytes expressed Hsp27, perhaps in response to stress related to elevated(More)
PURPOSE Metastasis is responsible for the death of most cancer patients, yet few therapeutic agents are available which specifically target the molecular events that lead to metastasis. We recently showed that inactivating mutations in the tumor suppressor gene BAP1 are closely associated with loss of melanocytic differentiation in uveal melanoma (UM) and(More)
There is clinical and experimental evidence that elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), a mechanical stress, is involved in the pathogenesis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy. The mechanism by which astrocytes in the optic nerve head (ONH) respond to changes in IOP is under study. Gene transcription by ONH astrocytes exposed either to 60 mmHg hydrostatic(More)
Uveal melanoma is the most common primary cancer of the eye, and often results not only in vision loss, but also in metastatic death in up to half of patients. For many years, the details of the molecular pathogenesis of uveal melanoma remained elusive. In the past decade, however, many of these details have emerged to reveal a fascinating and complex story(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether abnormal elastin synthesis in the glaucomatous optic nerve head and lamina cribrosa is due to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) or secondary to axonal injury, monkeys with elevated IOP and with optic nerve transection were compared. METHODS Unilateral, chronic elevated IOP was induced in 11 rhesus monkeys by laser(More)
PURPOSE Glaucomatous optic neuropathy is characterized by remodeling of the extracellular matrix with disorganization of elastic fibers in the optic nerve head (ONH). There are significant differences in prevalence of glaucomatous optic neuropathy between African Americans (AAs) and Caucasian Americans (CAs). The goal of this study was to evaluate(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling after neuronal injury and reactive gliosis is carried out by activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) regulated by their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs). In glaucoma, there is a loss of retinal ganglion cells and extensive ECM remodeling (cupping) at the level of the optic nerve head, frequently associated with elevated(More)
The nonhuman primate model of glaucomatous optic neuropathy most faithfully reproduces the human disease. We used high-density oligonucleotide arrays to investigate whole genome transcriptional changes occurring at the optic nerve head during primate experimental glaucoma. Laser scarification of the trabecular meshwork of cynomolgus macaques produced(More)