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Although the development of super-resolution microscopy methods dates back to 1994, relevant applications in plant cell imaging only started to emerge in 2010. Since then, the principal super-resolution methods, including structured-illumination microscopy (SIM), photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM), stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy(More)
Disentanglement of functional complexity associated with plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling has benefited from transcriptomic, proteomic, phosphoproteomic, and genetic studies. Published transcriptomic analysis of a double homozygous recessive anp2anp3 mutant of two MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK) genes called Arabidopsis thaliana(More)
The role of YODA MITOGEN ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASE KINASE 4 (MAPKKK4) upstream of MITOGEN ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE 6 (MPK6) was studied during post-embryonic root development of Arabidopsis thaliana. Loss- and gain-of-function mutants of YODA (yda1 and ΔNyda1) were characterized in terms of root patterning, endogenous auxin content and global(More)
Wortmannin is a widely used pharmaceutical compound which is employed to define vesicular trafficking routes of particular proteins or cellular compounds. It targets phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases in a dose-dependent manner leading to the inhibition of protein vacuolar sorting and endocytosis. Combined proteomics and cell(More)
Plants employ acentrosomal mechanisms to organize cortical microtubule arrays essential for cell growth and differentiation. Using structured illumination microscopy (SIM) adopted for the optimal documentation of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) hypocotyl epidermal cells, dynamic cortical microtubules labeled with green fluorescent protein fused to the(More)
SUMMARY The C(18) ketone (5E,7E)-6-methyl-8-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)octa-5,7-dien-2-one (D'orenone) has been postulated to be an early cleavage product of beta-carotene en route to trisporic acids; these act as morphogenetic factors during the sexual reproduction of zygomycetes. Here we report that D'orenone blocks the highly polarized tip growth of(More)
Plant stress tolerance depends on many factors among which signaling by mitogen-activated protein-kinase (MAPK) modules plays a crucial role. Reversible phosphorylation of MAPKs, their upstream activators and downstream targets such as transcription factors can trigger a myriad of transcriptomic, cellular and physiological responses. Genetic manipulation of(More)
Signaling through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades is organized in complex interconnected subcellular networks. Upon MAPK activation, signals are transferred to targets in different subcellular compartments able to regulate various cellular processes. Therefore, subcellular dissection of individual MAPK modules is vital to understand how a(More)
Monoterpenes at high atmospheric concentrations are strong growth inhibitors in allelopathic interactions. Effects depend on dose, molecular structure of the monoterpene and on the species of the receiver plant. Stomata are among the first targets affected by camphor and menthol. Previously, it could be demonstrated that the compounds induce swelling of the(More)
Dual-specificity mitogen-activated protein kinases kinases (MAPKKs) are the immediate upstream activators of MAPKs. They simultaneously phosphorylate the TXY motif within the activation loop of MAPKs, allowing them to interact with and regulate multiple substrates. Often, the activation of MAPKs triggers their nuclear translocation. However, the(More)