Learn More
CONTEXT The human FSHB promoter polymorphism (rs10835638; -211 G/T) has been associated with serum FSH in a cohort of young Estonian men. The minor allele carriers had reduced serum FSH (15.7% in GT heterozygotes; 40% in TT homozygotes) compared with GG homozygotes. OBJECTIVE Because FSH is essential for normal spermatogenesis and fertility, we speculated(More)
Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Receptor (FSHR) -29G/A polymorphism (rs1394205) was reported to modulate gene expression and reproductive parameters in women, but data in men is limited. We aimed to bring evidence to the effect of FSHR -29G/A variants in men. In Baltic young male cohort (n = 982; Estonians, Latvians, Lithuanians; aged 20.2 ± 2.0 years), the(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is crucial for male fertility and it exerts its effects via a gonad-specific receptor (FSHR). In the present study, the common G-29A, A919G, and A2039G polymorphisms in the FSHR gene were analysed in 150 (36 non-obstructive azoospermia and 114 individuals with oligozoospermia) patients and 208 normozoospermic men. The(More)
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the importance of androgen receptor (AR) gene haplotypes and polymorphic CAG/GGN microsatellites in the aetiology of male infertility. We genotyped six haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms and CAG/GGN microsatellites of the AR gene in 112 infertile and 212 control Estonian men. A total of 13 AR(More)
Follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) contains two common linked polymorphisms, Thr307Ala (rs6165) and Asn680Ser (rs6166), shown to modulate ovarian function in women. The effect on male fertility and reproductive parameters has been inconclusive. We studied FSHR Asn680Ser polymorphism in a large study group (n = 1790) from the Baltic countries. The(More)
Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a pituitary heterodimeric glycoprotein essential in male and female reproduction. Its functional polymorphic variant (V-LH) is determined by two missense mutations (rs1800447, A/G, Trp8Arg; rs34349826, A/G, Ile15Thr) in the LH β-subunit encoding gene (LHB; 19q13.3; 1111 bp; 3 exons). Among women, V-LH has been associated with(More)
STUDY QUESTION What are the primary causes of severe male factor infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER Although 40% of all patients showed primary causes of infertility, which could be subdivided into three groups based on the severity of their effect, ~75% of oligozoospermia cases remained idiopathic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY There are few large-scale(More)
The success of infertility treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of the infertility problem. The current report addresses the complex genotype-phenotype interactions in an azoospermic man. Cytogenetic, molecular cytogenetic and molecular genetic studies indicated the derivative monocentric Y chromosome with duplication of Yp11 (including(More)
SUMMARY Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a pituitary heterodimeric glycoprotein essential in male and female reproduction. Its functional poly-morphic variant (V-LH) is determined by two missense mutations (rs1800447, A/G, Trp8Arg; rs34349826, A/G, Ile15Thr) in the LH b-subunit encoding gene (LHB; 19q13.3; 1111 bp; 3 exons). Among women, V-LH has been associated(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) is a transcription factor that is activated upon binding to testosterone (T) and is implicated in regulating the expression of reproduction-related genes. The human AR gene (Xq11-12) spans 186,588 bp and eight exons. N-terminal transactivation domain of the encoded AR protein harbours two polymorphic stretches of identical amino(More)
  • 1