Olena V. Balynska

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The activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) has been associated with specific outcomes. Sustained activation of ERK1/2 by nerve growth factor (NGF) is associated with translocation of ERKs to the nucleus of PC12 cells and precedes their differentiation into sympathetic-like neurons whereas transient activation by epidermal growth(More)
An important task in understanding oncogenesis is the identification of those genes whose copy number and expression increase during tumorigenesis. Previously, in an effort to identify genes which could be used as molecular markers for glial tumors, we compared gene expression in glioblastoma to the normal brain cells. Among the genes with the most(More)
Nearly thirty years ago, it was first shown that malignant transformation with single oncogene necessarily requires the immortal state of the cell. From that time this thesis for the cells of human origin was not disproved. The basic point which we want to focus on by this short communication is the correct interpretation of the results obtained on the(More)
Increased expression of the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) family members, IGF1, IGF2, their receptors and binding proteins, or combinations thereof has been documented in various malignancies including gliomas. The results of multiple investigations suggest that the IGFs can play a paracrine and/or autocrine role in promoting tumor growth in situ during(More)
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