Olena A. Sivak

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OBJECTIVE To develop an oral formulation of Amphotericin B (AmpB) with: (A) medium chain triglycerides, fatty acids and nonionic surfactants as a self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS); or (B) glyceryl mono-oleate (Peceol) with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-phospholipids. METHODS SEDDS formulations were prepared by simple mixing at 40 degrees C.(More)
Sepsis remains the most common cause of death in intensive care units in the USA, with a current estimate of at least 750,000 cases per year, and 215,000 deaths annually. Despite extensive research still we do not quite understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms that are involved in triggering and propagation of septic injury. Endotoxin(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of amphotericin B (AmB) following oral administration in a novel mono/diglyceride-phospholipid formulation and to compare with intravenous (iv) administrations using commercial formulations. METHODS Rats were allocated into the following treatment groups: oral gavage of AmB dispersed in(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biodistribution and toxicity of amphotericin B (AmB) following multiple oral administrations of a novel tropically stable lipid-based formulation (iCo-010). BALB/c mice were allocated into six groups: oral iCo-010 twice daily for 5 days in the dose of 20, 10, 5 and 2.5 mg/kg; vehicle control; and intravenous(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the antifungal activity of a new oral amphotericin B (AmpB) lipid-based formulation following administration to rats infected with Aspergillus fumigatus. Aspergillus fumigatus inoculum (2.1-2.5 x 10(7) colony forming units [CFU]) were injected via the jugular vein; 48h later male albino Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g)(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the biodistribution and toxicity of amphotericin B (AMB) following multiple dose administration of an oral lipid-based formulation (iCo-009). METHODS BALB/c female mice were used. ICo-009 was administered twice daily for 5 days at doses of 2.5-20 mg/kg. Untreated animals, oral vehicle or intravenous(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the antifungal activity, pharmacokinetics, and tissue distribution of amphotericin B (AmpB) following the administration of Abelcet and AmBisome alone and in combination with Caspofungin to rats infected with Aspergillus fumigatus. Aspergillus fumigatus inoculum (2.1-2.5 x 10(7) colony forming units [CFU]) was(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the distribution profile of the novel endotoxin antagonist E5564 in plasma obtained from fasted human subjects with various lipid concentrations. Radiolabeled E5564 at 1 microM was incubated in fasted plasma from seven human subjects with various total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) concentrations for 0.5(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) on the concentration of amphotericin B (AmB) recovered in the liver and spleen following either intravenous (AmBisome) or oral (iCo-009) AmB administration to mice. METHODS Livers and spleens previously obtained from VL-infected BALB/c mice (following intravenous AmBisome or oral AmB(More)
Protonated nanostructured aluminosilicate (NSAS) was previously reported as effective in decreasing intestinal absorption of cholesterol in rats. In this work, the effect of NSAS on modeled intraluminal distribution of cholesterol was assessed using an in vitro lipolysis model. In addition to NSAS, the effect of bile salt sequestrant cholestyramine on(More)