Olena A. Sivak

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Sepsis remains the most common cause of death in intensive care units in the USA, with a current estimate of at least 750,000 cases per year, and 215,000 deaths annually. Despite extensive research still we do not quite understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms that are involved in triggering and propagation of septic injury. Endotoxin(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of amphotericin B (AmB) following oral administration in a novel mono/diglyceride-phospholipid formulation and to compare with intravenous (iv) administrations using commercial formulations. METHODS Rats were allocated into the following treatment groups: oral gavage of AmB dispersed in(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the distribution profile of the novel endotoxin antagonist E5564 in plasma obtained from fasted human subjects with various lipid concentrations. Radiolabeled E5564 at 1 microM was incubated in fasted plasma from seven human subjects with various total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) concentrations for 0.5(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of a novel water-soluble plant sterol derivative (FM-VP4) using a fluorescence depolarization method. The CMC was determined by 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) fluorescence depolarization. Test solutions of various concentrations of sodium dodecylsulphate (SDS) as a(More)
A super-saturated self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (super-SNEDDS), containing the poorly water-soluble drug halofantrine (Hf) at 150% of equilibrium solubility (S eq), was compared in vitro and in vivo with a conventional SNEDDS (75% of S eq) with respect to bioavailability and digestibility. Further, the effect of digestion on oral absorption of(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an oral formulation of Amphotericin B (AmpB) with: (A) medium chain triglycerides, fatty acids and nonionic surfactants as a self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS); or (B) glyceryl mono-oleate (Peceol) with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-phospholipids. METHODS SEDDS formulations were prepared by simple mixing at 40 degrees C.(More)
The aim of this work was to assess the ability of aqueous suspensions of surface-modified nanostructured aluminosilicate (NSAS) compounds to reduce the intestinal absorption of cholesterol in a rat model. The rats were divided into 10 treatment groups which included several NSAS compounds at various doses, ezetimibe at 10 mg/kg, stigmastanol at 50 mg/kg,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biodistribution and toxicity of amphotericin B (AmB) following multiple oral administrations of a novel tropically stable lipid-based formulation (iCo-010). METHODS BALB/c mice were allocated into six groups: oral iCo-010 twice daily for 5 days in the dose of 20, 10, 5 and 2.5 mg/kg; vehicle(More)
The aim of this work was to assess the effect of chronic administration of protonated nanostructured aluminosilicate (NSAS) on the plasma cholesterol levels and development of atherosclerotic lesions in Apolipoprotein (ApoE) deficient mice fed a high cholesterol and high fat diet. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) deficient mice were divided into the following(More)
Protonated nanostructured aluminosilicate (NSAS) was previously reported as effective in decreasing intestinal absorption of cholesterol in rats. In this work, the effect of NSAS on modeled intraluminal distribution of cholesterol was assessed using an in vitro lipolysis model. In addition to NSAS, the effect of bile salt sequestrant cholestyramine on(More)