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The purification, renewal and differentiation of native cardiac progenitors would form a mechanistic underpinning for unravelling steps for cardiac cell lineage formation, and their links to forms of congenital and adult cardiac diseases. Until now there has been little evidence for native cardiac precursor cells in the postnatal heart. Herein, we report(More)
Capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE) through store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) channels plays an important role in returning Ca(2+) to the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and regulating cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)). A rise in [Ca(2+)](cyt) and sufficient Ca(2+) in the SR are required for pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation. We(More)
Pulmonary vascular medial hypertrophy caused by excessive pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation is a major cause for the elevated pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Increased Ca(2+) influx is an important stimulus for PASMC proliferation. Transient receptor potential (TRP)(More)
A rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) due to Ca(2+) release from intracellular Ca(2+) stores and Ca(2+) influx through plasmalemmal Ca(2+) channels plays a critical role in mitogen-mediated cell growth. Depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores triggers capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE), a mechanism involved in maintaining Ca(2+) influx and(More)
Transactivating response region DNA binding protein (TDP-43) is the major protein component of ubiquitinated inclusions found in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with ubiquitinated inclusions. Two ALS-causing mutants (TDP-43(Q331K) and TDP-43(M337V)), but not wild-type human TDP-43, are shown here to provoke(More)
Hexanucleotide expansions in C9ORF72 are the most frequent genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. Disease mechanisms were evaluated in mice expressing C9ORF72 RNAs with up to 450 GGGGCC repeats or with one or both C9orf72 alleles inactivated. Chronic 50% reduction of C9ORF72 did not provoke disease, while its absence(More)
Asthma is characterized by airway inflammation, bronchial hyperresponsiveness, and airway obstruction by bronchospasm and bronchial wall thickening due to smooth muscle hypertrophy. A rise in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) may serve as a shared signal transduction element that causes bronchial constriction and bronchial wall thickening in(More)
Intracellular K+ plays an important role in controlling the cytoplasmic ion homeostasis for maintaining cell volume and inhibiting apoptotic enzymes in the cytosol and nucleus. Cytoplasmic K+ concentration is mainly regulated by K+ uptake via Na+-K+-ATPase and K+ efflux through K+ channels in the plasma membrane. Carbonyl cyanide(More)
The pore-forming alpha-subunit, Kv1.5, forms functional voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and plays an important role in regulating membrane potential, vascular tone, and PASMC proliferation and apoptosis. Inhibited Kv channel expression and function have been implicated in PASMC from patients with(More)
Sweeney, Michele, Ying Yu, Oleksandr Platoshyn, Shen Zhang, Sharon S. McDaniel, and Jason X.-J. Yuan. Inhibition of endogenous TRP1 decreases capacitative Ca2 entry and attenuates pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 283: L144–L155, 2002. First published February 8, 2002; 10.1152/(More)