Oleksandr Platoshyn

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The purification, renewal and differentiation of native cardiac progenitors would form a mechanistic underpinning for unravelling steps for cardiac cell lineage formation, and their links to forms of congenital and adult cardiac diseases. Until now there has been little evidence for native cardiac precursor cells in the postnatal heart. Herein, we report(More)
Pulmonary vascular medial hypertrophy caused by excessive pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation is a major cause for the elevated pulmonary vascular resistance in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Increased Ca(2+) influx is an important stimulus for PASMC proliferation. Transient receptor potential (TRP)(More)
Capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE) through store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) channels plays an important role in returning Ca(2+) to the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and regulating cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)). A rise in [Ca(2+)](cyt) and sufficient Ca(2+) in the SR are required for pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell (PASMC) proliferation. We(More)
The pore-forming alpha-subunit, Kv1.5, forms functional voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels in human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) and plays an important role in regulating membrane potential, vascular tone, and PASMC proliferation and apoptosis. Inhibited Kv channel expression and function have been implicated in PASMC from patients with(More)
A rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) due to Ca(2+) release from intracellular Ca(2+) stores and Ca(2+) influx through plasmalemmal Ca(2+) channels plays a critical role in mitogen-mediated cell growth. Depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores triggers capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE), a mechanism involved in maintaining Ca(2+) influx and(More)
Pulmonary vascular medial hypertrophy due to proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) greatly contributes to the increased pulmonary vascular resistance in pulmonary hypertension patients. A rise in cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) is an important stimulus for cell growth in PASMC. Resting [Ca2+]cyt, intracellularly stored(More)
Transactivating response region DNA binding protein (TDP-43) is the major protein component of ubiquitinated inclusions found in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with ubiquitinated inclusions. Two ALS-causing mutants (TDP-43(Q331K) and TDP-43(M337V)), but not wild-type human TDP-43, are shown here to provoke(More)
Sweeney, Michele, Ying Yu, Oleksandr Platoshyn, Shen Zhang, Sharon S. McDaniel, and Jason X.-J. Yuan. Inhibition of endogenous TRP1 decreases capacitative Ca2 entry and attenuates pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 283: L144–L155, 2002. First published February 8, 2002; 10.1152/(More)
Intracellular K+ plays an important role in controlling the cytoplasmic ion homeostasis for maintaining cell volume and inhibiting apoptotic enzymes in the cytosol and nucleus. Cytoplasmic K+ concentration is mainly regulated by K+ uptake via Na+-K+-ATPase and K+ efflux through K+ channels in the plasma membrane. Carbonyl cyanide(More)
Polyamines are essential for cell migration during early mucosal restitution after wounding in the gastrointestinal tract. Activity of voltage-gated K(+) channels (Kv) controls membrane potential (E(m)) that regulates cytoplasmic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) by governing the driving force for Ca(2+) influx. This study determined whether(More)