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The purification, renewal and differentiation of native cardiac progenitors would form a mechanistic underpinning for unravelling steps for cardiac cell lineage formation, and their links to forms of congenital and adult cardiac diseases. Until now there has been little evidence for native cardiac precursor cells in the postnatal heart. Herein, we report(More)
Accumulation of alpha-synuclein resulting in the formation of oligomers and protofibrils has been linked to Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia. In contrast, beta-synuclein (beta-syn), a close homologue, does not aggregate and reduces alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn)-related pathology. Although considerable information is available about the conformation(More)
Acute hypoxia causes pulmonary vasoconstriction in part by inhibiting voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channel activity in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). The hypoxia-mediated decrease in Kv currents [I(K(V))] is selective to PASMC; hypoxia has little effect on I(K(V)) in mesenteric artery smooth muscle cells (MASMC). Functional Kv channels are homo-(More)
1. Inorganic tin and organotin compounds, occurring in aquatic ecosystems, are toxic and can cause behavioral abnormalities in living organisms. To determine the possible neuronal basis of these actions, the effects of both forms of Sn were studied on identified neurones of the mollusk, Lymnaea stagnalis L. 2. SnCl2 caused a dose-dependent decrease in the(More)
The activity of voltage-gated ion channels is critical for the maintenance of cellular membrane potential and generation of action potentials. In turn, membrane potential regulates cellular ion homeostasis, triggering the opening and closing of ion channels in the plasma membrane and, thus, enabling ion transport across the membrane. Such transmembrane ion(More)
BACKGROUND Misfolding and pathological aggregation of neuronal proteins has been proposed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are frequent neurodegenerative diseases of the aging population. While progressive accumulation of amyloid beta protein (Abeta) oligomers(More)
Transactivating response region DNA binding protein (TDP-43) is the major protein component of ubiquitinated inclusions found in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with ubiquitinated inclusions. Two ALS-causing mutants (TDP-43(Q331K) and TDP-43(M337V)), but not wild-type human TDP-43, are shown here to provoke(More)
Activating protein (AP)-1 transcription factors modulate expression of genes involved in cell proliferation and migration. Chronic hypoxia increases pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell proliferation by upregulating AP-1-responsive genes encoding for endothelium-derived vasoactive and mitogenic factors implicated in pulmonary hypertension development. The(More)
Electrical excitability, which plays an important role in excitation-contraction coupling in the pulmonary vasculature, is regulated by transmembrane ion flux in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC). This study examined the heterogeneous nature of native voltage-dependent K(+) channels in human PASMC. Both voltage-gated K(+) (K(V)) currents and(More)
BACKGROUND Spasticity and rigidity are serious complications associated with spinal traumatic or ischemic injury. Clinical studies show that tizanidine (Tiz) is an effective antispasticity agent; however, the mechanism of this effect is still not clear. Tiz binds not only to α2-adrenoreceptors (AR) but also to imidazoline (I) receptors. Both receptor(More)