Oleh V. Lushchak

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The effects of hypoxia exposure and subsequent normoxic recovery on the levels of lipid peroxides (LOOH), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), carbonylproteins, total glutathione levels, and the activities of six antioxidant enzymes were measured in brain, liver, kidney and skeletal muscle of the common carp Cyprinus carpio. Hypoxia exposure(More)
The formulation of Roundup consists of the herbicide glyphosate as the active ingredient with polyethoxylene amine added as a surfactant. The acute toxicity of Roundup (particularly of glyphosate) to animals is considered to be low according to the World Health Organization, but the extensive use of Roundup may still cause environmental problems with(More)
Insulin-like peptides (ILPs) and growth factors (IGFs) not only regulate development, growth, reproduction, metabolism, stress resistance, and lifespan, but also certain behaviors and cognitive functions. ILPs, IGFs, their tyrosine kinase receptors and downstream signaling components have been largely conserved over animal evolution. Eight ILPs have been(More)
Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) and manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in some model experiments in vitro demonstrated antioxidant as well as pro-oxidant properties. In the present study, yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae lacking Mn-SOD were studied using Cu,Zn-SOD inhibitor N-N'-diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) as a model system to study the(More)
A set of 14 insulin-producing cells (IPCs) in the Drosophila brain produces three insulin-like peptides (DILP2, 3 and 5). Activity in IPCs and release of DILPs is nutrient dependent and controlled by multiple factors such as fat body-derived proteins, neurotransmitters, and neuropeptides. Two monoamine receptors, the octopamine receptor OAMB and the(More)
The effects of hyperoxia on the status of antioxidant defenses and markers of oxidative damage were evaluated in goldfish tissues. The levels of lipid peroxides, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, carbonyl proteins and the activities of some antioxidant enzymes were measured in brain, liver, kidney and skeletal muscle of goldfish, Carassius auratus(More)
Insulin/IGF-like signaling regulates the development, growth, fecundity, metabolic homeostasis, stress resistance and lifespan in worms, flies and mammals. Eight insulin-like peptides (DILP1-8) are found in Drosophila. Three of these (DILP2, 3 and 5) are produced by a set of median neurosecretory cells (insulin-producing cells, IPCs) in the brain. Activity(More)
We have analyzed the activity of antioxidant and tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes as well as protein carbonyl content in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells grown in medium with glycerol using wild-strain cells and defective mutants in superoxide dismutases (SODs). The present report demonstrates that the activity of catalase, glucose-6-phosphate(More)
Aconitase, an enzyme possessing an iron-sulfur cluster that is sensitive to oxidation, is involved in the regulation of cellular metabolism. There are two isoenzymes of aconitase (Aco)--mitochondrial (mAco) and cytosolic (cAco) ones. The primary role of mAdco is believed to be to control cellular ATP production via regulation of intermediate flux in the(More)
The effects of intraperitoneal injection of diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) on free radical processes were examined in brain, liver and kidney of goldfish (Carassius auratus). Levels of oxidatively modified lipids and proteins as well as the activities of antioxidant and associated enzymes were measured. Intraperitoneal injection of DDC at a concentration of(More)