Oleg S. Medvedev

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An ischemic cerebral affection zone amounting to 22.51 +/- 3.0% of the ipsilateral hemisphere volume was found on the frontal brain sections in the frontoparietal cortex of rats 72 h after occlusion of the distal branch of the medial cerebral artery. The new nootropic drug nooglutyl [N-(5-hydroxynicotinoyl)-L-glutamic acid] in a dose of 10 mg/kg, as well as(More)
Liquid chromatographic fractionation and detection of exogenous radiolabelled and endogenous catechols was used to examine simultaneously the plasma kinetics of noradrenaline and adrenaline in the conscious rabbit. Plasma clearances and release of noradrenaline and adrenaline into plasma were compared before and during nitroprusside-induced hypotension and(More)
It is shown that 3-(3-[1,2,4]-triazolo)-oxatriazolium-5-olate (azasidnon-6) can act directly on the vascular wall of isolated segments of caudal ventral artery of SHR rats. Using heme-dependent soluble guanyl cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), it has been found that one of the possible mechanisms of azasidnon-6(More)
The effects of propofol on sympathetic nerve activity and on the baroreceptor reflexes were examined in male Wistar rats. Sympathetic nerve activity was recorded directly from a renal nerve electrode placed earlier; baroreceptor reflex activity was estimated by changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) induced by the vasopressor phenylephrine, or(More)
With microdialysis, we monitored cardiac interstitial fluid (ISF) levels of allopurinol, its metabolites, and the adenine nucleotide breakdown products (ANBP), inosine, hypoxanthine (HYP), xanthine (Xa), uric acid (UA) in dogs that received 1 and 10 mg/kg allopurinol intravenously (i.v.). Half-life (t1/2) of drug penetration into the heart was dose(More)
This study showed that arterial blood pressure of chemically sympathectomized rats (SR) was decreased, whereas heart rate was increased relative to controls. The cardiac output in SR was higher than that in intact animals (by 36% under urethane anaesthesia and by 80% without anaesthesia). The total peripheral resistance of SR was 1.7 times less than normal,(More)
The relationship between hydroxyl radical (OH*) generation in the zone of ischemia/reperfusion and the size of infarction formed was investigated in 18-22-week-old anaesthetized male SHRSP and Wistar rats using a myocardial microdialysis technique. The marker of OH* generation, 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA), was analyzed in dialyzates by high(More)
Secretion of adrenaline (A) and noradrenaline (NA) was measured in conscious Wistar rats using the microdialysis probe implanted into the adrenal gland. Changes in contents of A and NA in plasma as well as in dialysate samples in response to i. v. administration of 500 mg/kg 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) were measured by HPLC with electrochemical detection.(More)
Local injection of 4 nmol moxonidine (unilaterally) into the rostroventrolateral medulla of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-SP) decreased mean blood pressure and heart rate by 24+/-3 and 3+/-4%, respectively. Pretreatment with the I1/alpha2-receptor antagonist efaroxan abolished the moxonidine-induced decrease in mean blood pressure, but had no effect(More)