Oleg S. Medvedev

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Earlier findings have shown that hypotensive effects of centrally acting drugs, such as clonidine, are enhanced in animals after denervation of arterial baroreceptors. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dynamic of changes in arterial pressure, heart rate and hypotensive effects of clonidine, rilmenidine and moxonidine in Wistar rats after(More)
++ or aggregation, induced by the second dose of ADP (Fill 3a, curves i, 2, 4, 5). With an increase in the second dose of ADP, both the rise of Ca T~ and aggregation of the platelets increased (Fig. 3a, curves 3, 6). Platelets suspended in medium not containing Ca++were unable to aggregate under the influence of ADP; however, an increase in the Ca ++(More)
An ischemic cerebral affection zone amounting to 22.51 +/- 3.0% of the ipsilateral hemisphere volume was found on the frontal brain sections in the frontoparietal cortex of rats 72 h after occlusion of the distal branch of the medial cerebral artery. The new nootropic drug nooglutyl [N-(5-hydroxynicotinoyl)-L-glutamic acid] in a dose of 10 mg/kg, as well as(More)
2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) evokes an increase in the efferent discharge rate of the adrenal nerve in narcotized rats and rabbits. The study reported here was undertaken to determine the sympathetic nerves and blood pressure responses to i.v. 2-DG administration in awake SHR rats. An increase in adrenal sympathetic nerve activity (adrSNA) by 63% was observed(More)
It is shown that 3-(3-[1,2,4]-triazolo)-oxatriazolium-5-olate (azasidnon-6) can act directly on the vascular wall of isolated segments of caudal ventral artery of SHR rats. Using heme-dependent soluble guanyl cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), it has been found that one of the possible mechanisms of azasidnon-6(More)
The effects of propofol on sympathetic nerve activity and on the baroreceptor reflexes were examined in male Wistar rats. Sympathetic nerve activity was recorded directly from a renal nerve electrode placed earlier; baroreceptor reflex activity was estimated by changes in blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) induced by the vasopressor phenylephrine, or(More)
A new experimental approach for spin-trapping of oxygen radicals in a selected region of the heart in situ is described. This approach is based on microdialysis, and it permits the detection of oxygen radicals in conditions of local ischemia and restoration of normal blood flow. Increased hydroxyl radical generation in an ischemic area of canine myocardium,(More)
With microdialysis, we monitored cardiac interstitial fluid (ISF) levels of allopurinol, its metabolites, and the adenine nucleotide breakdown products (ANBP), inosine, hypoxanthine (HYP), xanthine (Xa), uric acid (UA) in dogs that received 1 and 10 mg/kg allopurinol intravenously (i.v.). Half-life (t1/2) of drug penetration into the heart was dose(More)
This study showed that arterial blood pressure of chemically sympathectomized rats (SR) was decreased, whereas heart rate was increased relative to controls. The cardiac output in SR was higher than that in intact animals (by 36% under urethane anaesthesia and by 80% without anaesthesia). The total peripheral resistance of SR was 1.7 times less than normal,(More)