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OBJECTIVE Replicated abnormalities in schizophrenia include decreased cellular immunity. The aim of the study was to verify whether there are some abnormalities in the ultrastructure of lymphocytes in drug-free schizophrenic patients. METHOD Fifty-nine in-patients with paranoid schizophrenia (DSM-IV 295.30) and 31 normal controls were used. Psychosis(More)
According to contemporary views, the glutamatergic system is implicated in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, and atypical neuroleptics exert their effects (at least partially) through the glutamatergic system. Immunoreactive glutamate-metabolising enzymes, such as glutamine synthetase-like protein (GSLP) and two glutamate dehydrogenase isoenzymes (GDH),(More)
Toxicity of human blood serum for ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis is determined by the complement system. When ciliate are dying after being exposed to blood serum, cell membrane permeability for low-molecular-weight compounds significantly increases, probably due to pore formation. Serine protease inhibitors or exposure to physical factors inducing(More)
A combined effect of zimelidine or trazodone on (3H)-serotonin uptake by the rat brain synaptosomes in the presence of 120 nM imipramine was studied. Imipramine and zimelidine were found to inhibit (3H)-serotonin uptake by a competitive manner, whereas trazodone was a noncompetitive inhibitor. Zimelidine, but not trazodone, was shown to bind to serotonin(More)
The role of the serotonin transporter protein (STP) in the development of somatoform [corrected] disorders was addressed in a correlational study of the levels of immunoreactive STP (IR-STP) using site-specific antibodies against the least conserved (among a group of other cotransporters) epitope at the C-terminal of STP and the level of anxiety symptoms in(More)
In a population of drug-free bipolar and unipolar depressed women, it was found that the concentration of serotonin sufficient to induce half-maximal shape change velocity in platelets is significantly (p less than 0.001) lower (0.13 +/- 0.0.04 microM) than that of closely matched controls (0.532 +/- 0.1 microM). This platelet concentration becomes higher(More)
Some kinetic features of D-Ala2-[Tyr-3.5-3H]enkephalin (5-D-Leu) binding to opiate receptors of rat brain were studied. It was shown that the Leu-enkephalin D analog interacts with the high and low affinity binding sites of opiate receptors, the equilibrium constants being equal to 0.71 and 8.4 nM, respectively. The rate constant for the label association(More)
Human plasma contains a considerable concentration of low molecular weight substances that inhibit, in a dose-dependent manner, both high-affinity imipramine receptor binding and serotonin uptake in platelets. Incubation of plasma with alumina was used to extract and to partly characterize these imipramine-like inhibitors. The human plasma extract inhibited(More)
A study was made of the influence of acute and repeated immobilization on the content of immunoreactive metenkephalin (ME), leu-enkephalin (LE) and beta-endorphine (beta-E) in different regions of rat brain and that of beta-E in rat blood. Acute immobilization for 30 min led to a decrease in the content of the enkephalins in the hypothalamus. Meanwhile(More)